John Michael de Robeck, First Baronet

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Admiral SIR John Michael de Robeck, First Baronet, G.C.B., G.C.M.G., G.C.V.O., Royal Navy (10 June, 1862 – 20 January, 1928) was an officer of the Royal Navy during the First World War. He is perhaps most notable for his command of the Eastern Mediterranean Squadron during the abortive attempts to force the Dardanelles in 1915. He later commanded a Battle Squadron in the Grand Fleet, and after the war ended held the commands of the Mediterranean and Atlantic Fleets.

Early Life & Career

De Robeck was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant on 30 September, 1885.[1]

De Robeck was promoted to the rank of Commander on 22 June, 1897.[2]


De Robeck was promoted to the rank of Captain on 1 January, 1902.[3]

He was appointed command of the battleship Dominion on 25 January, 1908.[4]

Flag Rank

De Robeck was promoted to the rank of Rear-Admiral on 1 December, 1911, vice Savory.[5]

He struck his flag in the Aboukir at Chatham on 26 July, 1914.[6]

Great War

He hoisted his flag in the Amphitrite.

On 1 January, 1916, he was appointed an Additional Member of the Second Class, or Knight Commander, in the Military Division of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (K.C.B.).[7]

He was confirmed in the rank of Vice-Admiral on 17 May, 1917, vice Sturdee.[8]

Post-War & Retirement

On 24 March, 1920, he was promoted to the rank of Admiral, vice Grant.[9]

He was appointed an Ordinary Member of the First Class, or Knight Grand Cross, in the Military Division of the Order of the Bath (G.C.B.) on 1 January, 1921.[10]

He was advanced to the rank of Admiral of the Fleet on 24 November, 1925, vice Burney.[11]

There is a portrait-drawing of de Robeck by Francis Dodd in the Imperial War Museum, South Kensington.


  1. London Gazette: no. 25516. p. 4599. 2 October, 1885.
  2. London Gazette: no. 26865. p. 3443. 22 June, 1897.
  3. London Gazette: no. 27393. p. 3. 3 January, 1902.
  4. Navy List (October, 1908). p. 301.
  5. London Gazette: no. 28562. p. 9446. 15 December, 1911.
  6. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Monday, 27 July, 1914. Issue 40586, col B, pg. 4.
  7. London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29423. p. 80. 31 December, 1915.
  8. London Gazette: no. 30084. p. 4942. 22 May, 1917.
  9. London Gazette: no. 3186. p. 4474. 16 April, 1920.
  10. London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32178. p. 4. 1 January, 1921.
  11. London Gazette: no. 33110. p. 7950. 1 December, 1925.


  • "Sir John de Robeck" (Obituaries). The Times. Saturday, 21 January, 1928. Issue 44796, col B, pg. 12.


Service Records

Naval Appointments
Preceded by
New Position
Admiral of Patrols
1912 – 1914
Succeeded by
George A. Ballard
Preceded by
New Command
Rear-Admiral Commanding, Cruiser Force I
1914 – 1915
Succeeded by
Sir A. Gordon H. W. Moore
Preceded by
Sackville H. Carden
Vice-Admiral Commanding,
Eastern Mediterranean Squadron

1915 – 1916
Succeeded by
Sir Cecil F. Thursby
Preceded by
Sir Edward E. Bradford
Vice-Admiral Commanding,
Third Battle Squadron

Succeeded by
Herbert L. Heath
Preceded by
Sir T. H. Martyn Jerram
Vice-Admiral Commanding, Second Battle Squadron
1916 – 1919
Succeeded by
Sir Henry F. Oliver
Preceded by
The Hon. Sir Somerset A. Gough-Calthorpe
Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean
1919 – 1922
Succeeded by
Sir Osmond de B. Brock
Preceded by
Sir Charles E. Madden, Bart.
Atlantic Fleet

1922 – 1924
Succeeded by
Sir Henry F. Oliver