Mediterranean Station

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History

On 16 November, 1905, Fisher told the Committee on Navy Estimates:

Four years ago there were fifteen battleships in the Mediterranean fleet and only six battleships in the Channel fleet. Now there are seventeen battleships in the Channel fleet and only eight battleships in the Mediterranean, and that number is really unnecessarily large, for the sole requirements of the Mediterranean fleet, now we are so cordially associated with France, is to coerce the sultan, as the Russian navy has practically ceased to exist, and Austria and Italy will never be our foes.[1]

On 1 June, 1912, Admiral Milne's flag was hoisted in the President in the Thames. On 3 June, upon Rear-Admiral Gamble's flag being struck in the Good Hope at Portsmouth, Milne's was hoisted in that ship.[2]

In July, 1914, it was planned that Invincible would go to the Mediterranean when Tiger was ready. All four battle cruisers in the Mediterranean would return home by December, 1915. In the fourth quarter of 1915 five dreadnought battleships would be sent to the Mediterranean with two pre-dreadnought battleships. The number of dreadnoughts was to be increased to seven in April, 1917.[3]

Commanders-in-Chief

Dates of appointment given:

Rear-Admiral in the Mediterranean

At some times, an extra Rear Admiral was employed, in addition to the man acting as Second in Command.

Seconds-in-Command

Harris was succeeded by Rear-Admiral Gerard H. U. Noel in January, 1898.[41] Rear-Admiral Lord Charles Beresford arrived at Malta on 5 February, 1900,[42] and Rear-Admiral Noel left on 7 February,[43] suggesting that the change in second-in-command took place on 6 February.

Chiefs of the Staff

Frederick Charles Doveton Sturdee also seems to have been appointed on 1 May, 1905.[103][104] Alfred Dudley Pickman Rogers Pound may also have held this post.

Captains of the Fleet

Destroyer Flotillas

In the 1930s, the destroyer flotillas were provided collective oversight.

Light Forces

In the 1930s, the light forces were provided collective oversight.

Egypt

See Also

Footnotes

  1. Quoted in Seligmann. "New Weapons for New Targets." p. 316.
  2. "The Mediterranean Command" (News in Brief). The Times. Saturday, 1 June, 1912. Issue 339914, col E, p. 6.
  3. The National Archives. ADM 1/8383/179.
  4. Clowes. The Royal Navy. Vol. VII. p. 87.
  5. Clowes. The Royal Navy. Vol. VII. p. 87.
  6. Tryon Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/37. f. 1322.
  7. Clowes. The Royal Navy. Vol. VII. p. 87.
  8. Culme-Seymour Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/16. f. 821.
  9. Clowes. The Royal Navy. Vol. VII. p. 87.
  10. Hopkins Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/36. f. 271/644.
  11. Hopkins Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/36. f. 271/644.
  12. Clowes. The Royal Navy. Vol. VII. p. 87.
  13. Domvile Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/36. f. 332.
  14. Domvile Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/14. f. 1061.
  15. Beresford Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/38. f. 90.
  16. Drury Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/38. f. 345.
  17. Curzon-Howe Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/38. f. 275.
  18. Curzon-Howe Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/18. f. 529.
  19. Poë Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 1052.
  20. Poë Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/17. f. 405.
  21. Milne Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 893.
  22. Milne Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. p. 893.
  23. Squadrons and Senior Naval Officers in Existence on 11th November, 1918. p. 32.
  24. Squadrons and Senior Naval Officers in Existence on 11th November, 1918. p. 32.
  25. de Robeck Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 285.
  26. "Flag Command Changes" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Wednesday, 21 December, 1921. Issue 42909, col D, p. 14.
  27. "Naval and Military" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Monday, 8 June, 1925. Issue 43982, col F, p. 24.
  28. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 291.
  29. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 291.
  30. "Naval, Military, and Air Force" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Friday, 8 June, 1928. Issue 44914, col C, p. 9.
  31. Field Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. p. 247.
  32. Fisher Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 231.
  33. Fisher Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 231.
  34. Pridham-Wippell Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/14. ff. 177, 253.
  35. Pridham-Wippell Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/14. ff. 177, 253.
  36. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 173.
  37. The Navy List. (October, 1904). p. 267.
  38. Hamilton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/38. f. 585.
  39. "Naval & Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Friday, 18 November, 1904. Issue 37555, col A, p. 6.
  40. Poore Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 1049.
  41. "Death of Sir Gerard Noel" (Obituaries). The Times. Friday, 24 May, 1918. Issue 41798, col B, p. 8.
  42. "Naval & Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Tuesday, 6 February, 1900. Issue 36058, col B, p. 10.
  43. "Naval & Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Thursday, 8 February, 1900. Issue 36060, col F, p. 10.
  44. The Navy List. (December, 1891). p. 191.
  45. The Navy List. (July, 1893). p. 191.
  46. Markham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/15. f. 12.
  47. The Navy List. (October, 1895). p. 191.
  48. Domvile Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/14. f. 244.
  49. The Navy List. (July, 1897). p. 191.
  50. The Navy List. (July, 1899). p. 216.
  51. Noel Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/37. f. 956.
  52. Noel Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/37. f. 956.
  53. The Navy List. (December, 1901). p. 216.
  54. The Navy List. (May, 1902). p. 216.
  55. The Navy List. (February, 1903). p. 216.
  56. Custance Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/17. f. 535.
  57. "Naval & Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Saturday, 8 October, 1904. Issue 37520, col C, p. 6.
  58. Grenfell Service Record The National Archives. ADM 196/36/1261. f. 564.
  59. The Navy List. (August, 1906). p. 268.
  60. Bridgeman Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 167.
  61. Milford Haven Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/38. f. 47.
  62. Squadrons and Senior Naval Officers in Existence on 11th November, 1918. Unnumbered Folio.
  63. Callaghan Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/18. f. 535.
  64. Squadrons and Senior Naval Officers in Existence on 11th November, 1918. Unnumbered Folio.
  65. Jerram Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/38. f. 692.
  66. Burney Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/38. f. 180.
  67. Burney Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/38. f. 180.
  68. Culme-Seymour Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 477.
  69. Culme-Seymour Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 477.
  70. Watson Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 214.
  71. Watson Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 214.
  72. Hodges Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 250.
  73. Hodges Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 250.
  74. Forbes Service Record The National Archives. ADM 196/90. f. 130. Year MAY be 1936.
  75. Forbes Service Record The National Archives. ADM 196/90. f. 130.
  76. Pridham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50. Book 9, f. 302.
  77. Pridham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50. Book 9, f. 302.
  78. Kennedy-Purvis Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49. f. 31.
  79. Layton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/134. f. ?.
  80. Layton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/134. f. ?.
  81. Tovey Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49. f. 131.
  82. Tovey Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49. f. 131.
  83. Pridham-Wippell Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/14. ff. 177, 253.
  84. Pridham-Wippell Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/14. ff. 177, 253.
  85. May Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 857.
  86. Hamilton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/38. f. 577.
  87. King-Hall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/38. f. 750.
  88. Colville Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 29.
  89. Colville Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 29.
  90. Brock Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 49.
  91. Troubridge Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 78.
  92. Troubridge Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 78.
  93. Luard Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 313.
  94. Luard Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 313.
  95. Hutchison Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 132.
  96. Hutchison Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 132.
  97. Currey Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 36.
  98. Currey Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 36.
  99. Nicholson Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 291.
  100. Nicholson Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 291.
  101. Phillimore Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 29a.
  102. Phillimore Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 29a
  103. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Monday, 24 April, 1905. Issue 37689, col C, p. 8.
  104. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 1256.
  105. Little Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/95. f. 300.
  106. Little Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/95. f. 300.
  107. Superseded that day. Wake Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/9. f. 213.
  108. Wake Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/9. f. 213.
  109. Wake Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/9. f. 213.
  110. Whitworth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/232. f. 117.
  111. Whitworth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/232. f. 117.
  112. Hard to read this date in his service record.
  113. Addison Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44/138. f. 221.
  114. Addison Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44/138. f. 221.
  115. Dutton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 258.
  116. Dutton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 258.
  117. Forbes Service Record The National Archives. ADM 196/90. f. 130.
  118. Forbes Service Record The National Archives. ADM 196/90. f. 130.
  119. Rose Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/45/14. f. 14.
  120. Rose Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/45/14. f. 14.
  121. Successor assumed command that month. Tovey Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49. f. 131.
  122. Tovey Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49. f. 131.
  123. Tovey Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49. f. 131.
  124. Tovey Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49. f. 131.
  125. Jackson Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. p. 249/496.
  126. Jackson Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. p. 249/496.
  127. Pelly Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. p. 483.
  128. Pelly Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. p. 483.

Bibliography

  • Seligmann, Matthew S. (June 2008). "New Weapons for New Targets: Sir John Fisher, the Threat from Germany, and the Building of HMS Dreadnought and HMS Invincible, 1902-1907". The International History Review XXX (2): pp. 303-331.