Robert Henry Taunton Raikes

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Admiral SIR Robert Henry Taunton Raikes, C.V.O., D.S.O.*, K.C.B. (23 August, 1885 – 24 May, 1953) was an submarine commander in the Royal Navy.

Life & Career

Raikes was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant on 31 December, 1907.[1]

Raikes was appointed in command of the submarine C 35 on 5 May, 1911.[2]

On 2 September, 1913, he was appointed to the armoured cruiser Defence

Great War

Raikes remained in Defence until 1 August, 1915 on which date he was appointed to Vulcan for submarines.

Raikes was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Commander on 31 December, 1915. The following day, he was appointed to Dolphin for E 44, to take command upon her commissioning.[3]

Raikes was awarded a D.S.O. for being in command of the submarine E 54 on 21 August, 1916 when she sank UC 10 "in difficult waters."[4]

On 29 April and 1 May, 1917 E 54 was engaged with two or three enemy submarines, and on 1 May sank U 81. He received a bar for his D.S.O. for this second coup, gazetted 22 June, 1917.[5] He was invested with the combined awards at Buckingham Palace on 16 January, 1918.[6]

Raikes was promoted to the rank of Commander on 30 June, 1917.[7]

On 9 September, 1918, he was appointed to the Staff of Commodore (S) Hall in Dolphin.[8]

Post-War

Raikes was appointed to oversee the completion of the submarine H.M.S. X1 on 11 December, 1922.[9] Though he was intended to commission her, it seems likely that Philip Esmonde Phillips took over before this.

Raikes was promoted to the rank of Captain on 30 June, 1923.[10]

Raikes was promoted to the rank of Rear-Admiral on 22 July, 1935.[11]

Raikes was promoted to the rank of Vice-Admiral on 14 January, 1939.[12]

Raikes was promoted to the rank of Admiral on 29 October, 1942.[13]

See Also

Naval Appointments
Preceded by
Charles S. Benning
Captain of H.M.S. C 9
Aug, 1908[14][15] – 28 Mar, 1910[16]
Succeeded by
George H. Pownall
Preceded by
Philip E. U. Townshend
Captain of H.M.S. A 1
28 Mar, 1910[17] – 4 Apr, 1910[18]
Succeeded by
Noel F. Laurence
Preceded by
Charles W. Craven
Captain of H.M.S. A 3
4 Apr, 1910[19] – 8 Aug, 1910[20]
Succeeded by
Wilfrid B. Pirie
Preceded by
David de B. Stocks
Captain of H.M.S. B 4
8 Aug, 1910[21] – 5 May, 1911[22]
Succeeded by
Claud L. Y. Dering
Preceded by
Gilbert E. Venning
Captain of H.M.S. C 14
5 May, 1911[23][24] – 1 May, 1912[25]
Succeeded by
Cecil P. Talbot
Preceded by
James C. Wahab
Captain of H.M.S. C 35
1 May, 1912[26] – 2 Sep, 1913[27]
Succeeded by
A. Gordon Hine
Preceded by
?
Captain of H.M.S. E 54
1 Apr, 1916[28] – 14 Nov, 1917[29]
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
New Command
Captain of H.M.S. L 3
14 Nov, 1917[30] – 9 Sep, 1918[31]
Succeeded by
Alexander B. Greig
Preceded by
Charles S. Benning
Captain of H.M.S. Vulcan
1 Jan, 1921[32] – 11 Dec, 1922[33]
Succeeded by
Robert R. Turner
Preceded by
Charles G. Brodie
Captain of H.M.S. Titania
Mar, 1925[34] – Mar, 1927[35]
Succeeded by
John B. Glencross
Preceded by
Charles G. Brodie
Captain (S), Fourth Submarine Flotilla
Mar, 1925[36] – Mar, 1927[37]
Succeeded by
John B. Glencross
Preceded by
New Command
Captain of H.M.S. Sussex
1 Dec, 1928[38] – 10 Apr, 1930[39]
Succeeded by
Stuart S. Bonham-Carter
Preceded by
?
Director of the Staff College, Royal Naval College, Greenwich
2 May, 1932[40] – 20 Jun, 1934[41]
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
Cecil P. Talbot
Rear-Admiral (S)
10 Dec, 1936[42] – 15 Dec, 1938[43]
Succeeded by
Bertram C. Watson
Preceded by
Max K. Horton
Vice-Admiral, Northern Patrol
20 Dec, 1939[44] – 1 Aug, 1940[45]
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
George H. D'O. Lyon
as Commander-in-Chief, Africa Station
Commander-in-Chief, South Atlantic
1 Aug, 1940[46] – 15 Nov, 1941[47]
Succeeded by
Algernon U. Willis
Preceded by
Charles G. Stuart
Flag Officer in Charge, Aberdeen
10 Apr, 1942 – 28 Jul, 1944
Succeeded by
Lionel V. Wells

Footnotes

  1. The Navy List. (July, 1914). p. 126.
  2. The Navy List. (July, 1913). p. 280.
  3. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  4. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  5. The Technical History and Index, Vol. 1, Part 1. p. 13, though it wrongly identifies UC10 as UC7..
  6. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  7. The Navy List. (December, 1918). p. 155.
  8. The Navy List. (December, 1918). p. 777.
  9. The Navy List. (January, 1923). p. 846-898.
  10. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  11. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  12. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  13. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  14. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  15. The Navy List. (October, 1908). p. 385.
  16. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  17. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  18. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  19. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  20. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  21. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  22. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  23. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  24. The Navy List. (January, 1912). p. 286.
  25. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  26. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  27. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  28. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  29. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  30. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  31. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  32. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  33. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  34. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  35. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  36. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  37. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  38. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  39. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  40. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  41. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  42. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  43. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  44. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  45. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  46. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.
  47. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. ff. 220, 221.