Herbert John Temple Marshall

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Vice-Admiral (retired) Herbert John Temple Marshall, R.N. (6 May, 1870 – 12 October, 1952) was an officer in the Royal Navy.

Life & Career

The son of a Lieutenant of unknown service, Marshall was born in Poulton Priory, in Fairfield. He gained ten months' time on passing out of Britannia in July, 1885. His first appointment was to the Sultan of the Channel Squadron, dated 20 August, 1885. Prompted to Midshipman on 15 September, he was soon appointed to Audacious, in China, on 2 November, 1885.[1]

Marshall was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant on 30 June, 1892. He received uniformly positive inspections in Ringdove, in which he was appointed on 30 June, 1892.[2]

After service appointments in Australia, Brisk and short courses in gunnery and torpedoes at Excellent,[3] Marshall was appointed in command of the destroyer Ferret on 15 September, 1898.[4]

Marshall was promoted to the rank of Commander on 30 June, 1904. While a commander, he served in Hermes in the Channel Fleet and then in Royal Oak and Ocean which had but nucleus crews. Upon completing his appointment in Ocean on 11 February 1908 Marshall undertook a War Course and more torpedo and gunnery training before working with the Naval Intelligence Department, providing special intelligence services. In August of 1908, he was appointed to Victory for six months study of the Danish language. This assignment seemed to offer him a chance to collect vital intelligence information, as on 1909, Marshall was thanked for providing a useful report on the port of Helsingor in easternmost Denmark where it nearly meets Sweden.[5]

Marshall was appointed as executive officer in the third class protected cruiser Proserpine, assigned to the East Indies Station on 30 July, 1909. On 2 November, 1910, a telegram to the Admiralty reported that Marshall had been wounded in the leg by rifle fire in a skirmish with Afghans while landed at Bris, Persia near Chakbar (perhaps the port now known as Chabahar) as part of an effort to interdict arms trafficking. By the 7th, he was reportedly doing well, with a transverse fracture of the tibia. He was back aboard Proserpine by the 10th and was granted a "Hurt Certificate".[6]

Marshall was promoted to the rank of Captain on 22 June, 1911.[7]

He was appointed in command of the armoured cruiser Cressy on 31 May, 1913.[8]

Great War

Marshall was appointed in command of the third class protected cruiser Psyche on 14 February, 1914 and made the Principal Naval Officer, New Zealand Division, assuming command of the Division on 22 April. He returned home in November 1914, and on 14 March, 1915 was appointed in command of the armed merchant cruiser Edinburgh Castle. A telegram sent on 8 April, 1915 informed him that he was to wait for her to meet him at St. Vincent at Cape de Verde.[9]

By 8 June, 1917, Marshall was tired of his work in Edinburgh Castle and he asked for command in a "later and more powerful vessel in Home Waters", being told that he would be considered alongside others after suitable relief for him was found.[10]

Marshall was superseded in command of Edinburgh Castle in February, 1918 but did not finally leave the ship until 27 April, 1918, two days after acting Captain Gwatkin-Williams joined the ship.[11]

Post-War

On 14 September, 1920 Marshall informed the Admiralty that he would like to be retired after he was promoted to Rear-Admiral. Consequently, following a brief final appointment in command of the light cruiser Yarmouth, Marshall was promoted to the rank of Rear-Admiral on 19 November, 1921 and was placed on the Retired List at his own request the following day.[12]

Marshall was promoted to the rank of Vice-Admiral on the Retired List on 25 October, 1926.[13]

See Also

Naval Appointments
Preceded by
Frederic C. Dreyer
Captain of H.M.S. Ferret
15 Sep, 1898[14][15] – 21 Nov, 1899[16]
Succeeded by
Stewart A. Perry-Ayscough
Preceded by
Vernon H. S. Haggard
Captain of H.M.S. Devastation
14 Jul, 1904[17] – 8 Oct, 1904[18]
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
Eustace La T. Leatham
Captain of H.M.S. Proserpine
30 Jul, 1909[19][20] – 1 Aug, 1911[21]
Succeeded by
Peter W. E. Hill
Preceded by
Henry B. Montagu
Captain of H.M.S. Hyacinth
2 Jul, 1912[22] – 23 Sep, 1912[23]
Succeeded by
William G. A. Kennedy
Preceded by
Lionel G. Preston
Captain of H.M.S. Swiftsure
25 Mar, 1913[24]c. 24 Apr, 1913[25]
Succeeded by
Raymond A. Nugent
Preceded by
Raymond A. Nugent
Captain of H.M.S. Highflyer
24 Apr, 1913[26][27] – 31 May, 1913[28]
Succeeded by
Henry T. Buller
Preceded by
William F. Blunt
Captain of H.M.S. Cressy
31 May, 1913[29][30] – 14 Feb, 1914[31]
Succeeded by
Ernest S. Carey
Preceded by
Henry C. Carr
Captain of H.M.S. Psyche
14 Feb, 1914[32][33] – Nov, 1914[34]
Succeeded by
Henry J. Peakes
Preceded by
William R. Napier
Captain of H.M.S. Edinburgh Castle
14 Mar, 1915[35][36] – Feb, 1918[37]
Succeeded by
Rupert S. Gwatkin-Williams
Preceded by
George R. Mansell
Captain of Royal Naval Engineering College, Keyham
23 Aug, 1918[38][39] – 1 Jan, 1920[40]
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
Arthur B. Hughes
Captain of H.M.S. Yarmouth
15 Nov, 1921[41] – 19 Dec, 1921[42]
Succeeded by
Cathcart R. Wason

Footnotes

  1. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  2. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  3. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  4. "Naval & Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Wednesday, 27 July, 1898. Issue 35579, col E, p. 10.
  5. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  6. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  7. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  8. The Navy List. (July, 1913). p. 297.
  9. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  10. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  11. Ship's Log.
  12. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  13. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  14. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  15. "Naval & Military Intelligence". The Times. Wednesday, 27 July, 1898. Issue 35579, col E, p. 10.
  16. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  17. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  18. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  19. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  20. The Navy List. (January, 1910). p. 362.
  21. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  22. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  23. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  24. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  25. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  26. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  27. The Navy List. (June, 1913). p. 325.
  28. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  29. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  30. The Navy List. (July, 1913). p. 297.
  31. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  32. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  33. The Navy List. (April, 1914). p. 363.
  34. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  35. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  36. The Navy List. (December, 1916). p. 401n.
  37. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  38. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  39. Penn, Geoffrey (1984). HMS Thunderer: The story of the Royal Naval Engineering College Keyham and Manadon. Emsworth: Kenneth Mason. ISBN 0-85937-321-5. p. 197.
  40. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  41. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.
  42. Marshall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/110. f. 117.