Difference between revisions of "H.M. T.B. 81 (1885)"

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<div name=fredbot:career>{{ShipCareer|fullname=H.M.   T.B. 81 (1884)|cat=FirstClassTorpedoBoat
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<div name=fredbot:career>{{ShipCareer|fullname=H.M. T.B. 81 (1884)|cat=FirstClassTorpedoBoat
|fatedate=1921{{Conways1860|p. 103}}
+
|fatedate=22 October, 1921{{LyonWinfieldSteamList|p. 312}}
 
|order=
 
|order=
 
|chain=Torpedo Boats,First-class Torpedo Boats
 
|chain=Torpedo Boats,First-class Torpedo Boats
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|builder=[[J. S. White]]{{Conways1860|p. 103}}
 
|builder=[[J. S. White]]{{Conways1860|p. 103}}
 
|launch=1884{{Conways1860|p. 103.  The date of launch is imprecise}}
 
|launch=1884{{Conways1860|p. 103.  The date of launch is imprecise}}
 +
|comp=1885{{LyonWinfieldSteamList|p. 312}}
 
|nat=UK
 
|nat=UK
 
|type=first-class torpedo boat
 
|type=first-class torpedo boat
|fate=Broken up
+
|fate=Sold
 
|pend=
 
|pend=
|fg=white|bg=crimson}}</div name=fredbot:career>'''H.M. T.B. 81''' was built by [[J. S. White]] as a private venture.  It featured their cut-up stern for maneuverability and a ram bow.
+
|fg=white|bg=crimson}}</div name=fredbot:career>'''H.M. T.B. 81''' was built by [[J. S. White]] as a private venture and was subsequently purchased by the Royal Navy.
 
+
Her original name was ''Swift'', but she received a number soon enough.
+
 
+
She had a single funnel, which was replaced by two when she was reboilered in 1888.{{Conways1860|p. 103}}
+
  
 
==Construction==
 
==Construction==
 +
Her design featured White's trademark cut-up stern for improved maneuverability and a ram bow.
 +
 
Laid down in 1884 at [[J. S. White]] and named ''Swift'' by her builders, there appear to be multiple stories regarding ''T.B. 81'''s origin.  [[Lionel George Dawson|Lionel Dawson]], who briefly commanded her in late 1909, wrote that:
 
Laid down in 1884 at [[J. S. White]] and named ''Swift'' by her builders, there appear to be multiple stories regarding ''T.B. 81'''s origin.  [[Lionel George Dawson|Lionel Dawson]], who briefly commanded her in late 1909, wrote that:
 
<blockquote>
 
<blockquote>
Line 25: Line 24:
  
 
==Service==
 
==Service==
 +
When ''Swift'' was purchased by the Royal Navy she received the next available number in the first-class torpedo boat sequence, becoming ''T.B. 81''.
 +
 +
After reboilering in 1888, she had two small funnels instead of the single one she was completed with.{{Conways1860|p. 103}}
 +
 
In 1895, she was one of twenty-three first class torpedo boats of at least 125 feet in length stationed in Portsmouth along with four smaller boats.{{ARTS1895|p. 62}}
 
In 1895, she was one of twenty-three first class torpedo boats of at least 125 feet in length stationed in Portsmouth along with four smaller boats.{{ARTS1895|p. 62}}
  
 
Ran aground off Alderney in 1901 but salvaged and returned to service.  Reboilered in 1905.{{Conways1860|p. 103}}
 
Ran aground off Alderney in 1901 but salvaged and returned to service.  Reboilered in 1905.{{Conways1860|p. 103}}
 +
 +
Following her reboilering she was seldom out of commission, and her greater size than the majority of the other first-class torpedo boats meant she was often used as the senior flotilla officer's boat.  When [[Lionel George Dawson|Lionel Dawson]] took her over while still a junior {{LieutRN}}, he considered himself very fortunate.{{DawsonFlotillas|p. 78}}
 +
 +
Sold, along with {{UK-TB80}}, to J. E. Thomas on 22 October, 1921.{{LyonWinfieldSteamList|p. 312}}
  
 
==Captains==
 
==Captains==
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<div name=fredbot:officeCapt otitle="Captain of H.M. T.B. 81">{{TenureListBegin|Captain of {{UK-TB81|f=p}}}}
 
<div name=fredbot:officeCapt otitle="Captain of H.M. T.B. 81">{{TenureListBegin|Captain of {{UK-TB81|f=p}}}}
 
{{Tenure|rank={{CommRN}}|name=George Le Clerc Egerton|nick=George Le C. Egerton|appt=28 April, 1887<ref>Egerton Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/19/9}}</ref>|end=14 May, 1887<ref>Egerton Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/19/9}}</ref>|note=for Jubilee Review<ref>"Naval and Military Intelligence".  ''The Times''.  Saturday, 30 April, 1887.  Issue '''32060''', col E, p. 9.</ref>}}
 
{{Tenure|rank={{CommRN}}|name=George Le Clerc Egerton|nick=George Le C. Egerton|appt=28 April, 1887<ref>Egerton Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/19/9}}</ref>|end=14 May, 1887<ref>Egerton Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/19/9}}</ref>|note=for Jubilee Review<ref>"Naval and Military Intelligence".  ''The Times''.  Saturday, 30 April, 1887.  Issue '''32060''', col E, p. 9.</ref>}}
{{Tenure|rank={{LieutRN}} & Commander|name=Aubrey William Howe|nick=Aubrey W. Howe|appt=7 July, 1887<ref>"Naval & Military Intelligence".  ''The Times''.  Saturday, 2 July, 1887.  Issue '''32114''', col C, p. 12.</ref>|end=18 August, 1887<ref>Howe Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/20/311|D7590556}}</ref>|note=lent for manoeuvres}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{LaCRN}}|name=Aubrey William Howe|nick=Aubrey W. Howe|appt=7 July, 1887<ref>"Naval & Military Intelligence".  ''The Times''.  Saturday, 2 July, 1887.  Issue '''32114''', col C, p. 12.</ref>|end=18 August, 1887<ref>Howe Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/20/311|D7590556}}</ref>|note=lent for manoeuvres}}
{{Tenure|rank={{LieutRN}} & Commander|name=Henry Bradwardine Jackson|nick=Henry B. Jackson|appt=4 July, 1888<ref>"Naval and Military Intelligence".  ''The Times''.  Tuesday, 3 July, 1888.  Issue '''32428''', col A, p. 10.</ref>|note=lent for manoeuvres and for torpedo duties}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{LaCRN}}|name=Henry Bradwardine Jackson|nick=Henry B. Jackson|appt=4 July, 1888<ref>"Naval and Military Intelligence".  ''The Times''.  Tuesday, 3 July, 1888.  Issue '''32428''', col A, p. 10.</ref>|note=lent for manoeuvres and for torpedo duties}}
{{Tenure|rank={{LieutRN}} & Commander|name=Henry Bradwardine Jackson|nick=Henry B. Jackson|appt=18 July, 1889<ref>"The Naval Manœuvres".  ''The Times''.  Monday, 15 July, 1889.  Issue '''32751''', col A, p. 4.</ref>|note=lent for manoeuvres}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{LaCRN}}|name=Henry Bradwardine Jackson|nick=Henry B. Jackson|appt=18 July, 1889<ref>"The Naval Manœuvres".  ''The Times''.  Monday, 15 July, 1889.  Issue '''32751''', col A, p. 4.</ref>|note=lent for manoeuvres}}
{{Tenure|rank={{LieutRN}} & Commander|name=Frederick Charles Doveton Sturdee, First Baronet|nick=Frederick C. D. Sturdee|appt=22 July, 1890<ref>Sturdee Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/39/411}}</ref>|end=25 August, 1890<ref>Sturdee Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/39/411}}</ref>|note=for manoeuvres}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{LaCRN}}|name=Frederick Charles Doveton Sturdee, First Baronet|nick=Frederick C. D. Sturdee|appt=22 July, 1890<ref>Sturdee Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/39/411}}</ref>|end=25 August, 1890<ref>Sturdee Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/39/411}}</ref>|note=for manoeuvres}}
{{Tenure|rank={{LieutRN}} & Commander (T)|name=Frederick Charles Doveton Sturdee, First Baronet|nick=Frederick C. D. Sturdee|appt=21 July, 1892<ref>Sturdee Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/39/411}}</ref>|end=31 August, 1892<ref>Sturdee Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/20/79}}</ref>|note=lent for manoeuvres}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{LaCRN}} ('''T''')|name=Frederick Charles Doveton Sturdee, First Baronet|nick=Frederick C. D. Sturdee|appt=21 July, 1892<ref>Sturdee Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/39/411}}</ref>|end=31 August, 1892<ref>Sturdee Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/20/79}}</ref>|note=lent for manoeuvres}}
{{Tenure|rank={{LieutRN}} & Commander (T)|name=Dudley Rawson Stratford de Chair|nick=Dudley R. S. de Chair|appt=15 June, 1897<ref>"The Naval Review at Spithead".  ''The Times''.  Wednesday, 9 June, 1897.  Issue '''35225''', col D, p. 10.</ref>|note=for manoeuvres}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{LaCRN}} ('''T''')|name=Dudley Rawson Stratford de Chair|nick=Dudley R. S. de Chair|appt=15 June, 1897<ref>"The Naval Review at Spithead".  ''The Times''.  Wednesday, 9 June, 1897.  Issue '''35225''', col D, p. 10.</ref>|note=for manoeuvres}}
{{Tenure|rank={{LieutRN}} & Commander|name=Frederick Charles Ulick Vernon Wentworth|nick=Frederick C. U. V. Wentworth|appt=11 July, 1899<ref>"The Naval Mobilization".  ''The Times''.  Monday, 10 July, 1899.  Issue '''35877''', col C, p. 10.</ref>|note=for manoeuvres, and in command of Chatham Torpedo Boat Flotilla}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{LaCRN}}|name=Frederick Charles Ulick Vernon Wentworth|nick=Frederick C. U. V. Wentworth|appt=11 July, 1899<ref>"The Naval Mobilization".  ''The Times''.  Monday, 10 July, 1899.  Issue '''35877''', col C, p. 10.</ref>|note=for manoeuvres, and in command of Chatham Torpedo Boat Flotilla}}
{{Tenure|rank={{LieutRN}} & Commander|name=Sydney Stewart Hall|nick=Sydney S. Hall|appt=16 July, 1901<ref>"The Naval Manœuvres".  ''The Times''.  Thursday, 11 July, 1901.  Issue '''36504''', col C, p. 8.</ref>|end=August 1901<ref>Hall Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/43/236}}</ref>|note=lent for manoeuvres, also for torpedo duties, and in command of Portsmouth Flotilla}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{LaCRN}}|name=Sydney Stewart Hall|nick=Sydney S. Hall|appt=16 July, 1901<ref>"The Naval Manœuvres".  ''The Times''.  Thursday, 11 July, 1901.  Issue '''36504''', col C, p. 8.</ref>|end=August 1901<ref>Hall Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/43/236}}</ref>|note=lent for manoeuvres, also for torpedo duties, and in command of Portsmouth Flotilla}}
{{Tenure|rank={{BosunRN}} (T) in Command|name=Joseph Charles Davies|nick=Joseph C. Davies|appt=3 January, 1905{{NLDec05|p. 400}}}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{BosunRN}} ('''T''') in Command|name=Joseph Charles Davies|nick=Joseph C. Davies|appt=3 January, 1905{{NLDec05|p. 400}}}}
{{Tenure|rank={{LieutRN}} & Commander|name=Herbert Reginald Lloyd Edwards|nick=Herbert R. L. Edwards|appt=12 January, 1906<ref>"Naval and Military Intelligence".  ''The Times''.  Wednesday, 10 January, 1906.  Issue '''37913''', col F, p. 9.</ref>}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{LaCRN}}|name=Herbert Reginald Lloyd Edwards|nick=Herbert R. L. Edwards|appt=12 January, 1906<ref>"Naval and Military Intelligence".  ''The Times''.  Wednesday, 10 January, 1906.  Issue '''37913''', col F, p. 9.</ref>}}
{{Tenure|rank={{LieutRN}} & Commander|name=Charles Rumney Samson|nick=Charles R. Samson|appt=3 July, 1906{{NLJan07|p. 400}}}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{LaCRN}}|name=Charles Rumney Samson|nick=Charles R. Samson|appt=3 July, 1906{{NLJan07|p. 400}}}}
{{Tenure|rank={{LieutRN}} & Commander|name=Arthur Gerald Harris|nick=Arthur G. Harris|appt=18 February, 1908<ref>"Naval & Military Intelligence".  ''The Times''.  Saturday, 15 February, 1908.  Issue '''38570''', col B, p. 12.</ref>}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{LaCRN}}|name=Arthur Gerald Harris|nick=Arthur G. Harris|appt=18 February, 1908<ref>"Naval & Military Intelligence".  ''The Times''.  Saturday, 15 February, 1908.  Issue '''38570''', col B, p. 12.</ref>}}
 
{{Tenure|rank={{CommRN}}|name=Lionel George Preston|nick=Lionel G. Preston|appt=7 April, 1908<ref>Preston Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/44/79}}</ref>|end=December 1909<ref>Preston Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/44/79}}</ref>|note=and for command of Devonport T.B. Flotilla}}
 
{{Tenure|rank={{CommRN}}|name=Lionel George Preston|nick=Lionel G. Preston|appt=7 April, 1908<ref>Preston Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/44/79}}</ref>|end=December 1909<ref>Preston Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/44/79}}</ref>|note=and for command of Devonport T.B. Flotilla}}
{{Tenure|rank={{LieutRN}} & Commander|name=Lionel George Dawson|nick=Lionel G. Dawson|appt=December 1909<ref>Dawson Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/50/77|D7576679}}</ref>|end=14 January, 1910<ref>Dawson Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/50/77|D7576679}}</ref>}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{LaCRN}}|name=Lionel George Dawson|nick=Lionel G. Dawson|appt=December 1909<ref>Dawson Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/50/77|D7576679}}</ref>|end=14 January, 1910<ref>Dawson Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/50/77|D7576679}}</ref>}}
{{Tenure|rank={{LieutRN}} & Commander|name=Leveson Granville Byron Alexander Campbell|nick=Leveson G. B. A. Campbell|appt=24 February, 1910{{NLJan12|p. 401}}|end=27 June, 1912{{NLMar13|p. 366}}{{INF}}}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{LaCRN}}|name=Leveson Granville Byron Alexander Campbell|nick=Leveson G. B. A. Campbell|appt=24 February, 1910{{NLJan12|p. 401}}|end=27 June, 1912{{NLMar13|p. 366}}{{INF}}}}
{{Tenure|rank={{LieutRN}} & Commander|name=Stephen Phillimore|nick=Stephen Phillimore|appt=28 August, 1912{{NLMar13|p. 401}}|end=15 December, 1913{{NLDec13|p. 401''a''}}{{INF}}|note=and for command of Portland Flotilla}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{LaCRN}}|name=Stephen Phillimore|nick=Stephen Phillimore|appt=28 August, 1912{{NLMar13|p. 401}}|end=15 December, 1913{{NLDec13|p. 401''a''}}{{INF}}|note=and for command of Portland Flotilla}}
 
{{Tenure|rank={{LCommRN}}|name=Astley Dundas Cooper Cooper-Key|nick=Astley D. C. Cooper-Key|appt=16 December, 1913{{NLOct15|p. 401}}|end=June 1916{{NLDec16|p. 398''u''}}{{INF}}}}
 
{{Tenure|rank={{LCommRN}}|name=Astley Dundas Cooper Cooper-Key|nick=Astley D. C. Cooper-Key|appt=16 December, 1913{{NLOct15|p. 401}}|end=June 1916{{NLDec16|p. 398''u''}}{{INF}}}}
 
{{Tenure|rank={{LCommRN}}|name=Thomas Gilbert Carter|nick=Thomas G. Carter|appt=16 August, 1916{{NLDec16|p. 401}}|end=June 1917{{NLNov17|p. 398''y''}}{{INF}}}}
 
{{Tenure|rank={{LCommRN}}|name=Thomas Gilbert Carter|nick=Thomas G. Carter|appt=16 August, 1916{{NLDec16|p. 401}}|end=June 1917{{NLNov17|p. 398''y''}}{{INF}}}}
{{Tenure|rank={{LieutRN}} in Command|name=Leon Stopford Acheson|nick=Leon S. Acheson, D.S.C.|appt=2 July, 1917{{NLDec18|p. 956}}|end=4 February, 1919{{NLMar19|p. 741}}{{INF}}}}
+
{{Tenure|rank={{LiCRN}}|name=Leon Stopford Acheson|nick=Leon S. Acheson, D.S.C.|appt=2 July, 1917{{NLDec18|p. 956}}|end=4 February, 1919{{NLMar19|p. 741}}{{INF}}}}
 
{{TenureListEnd}}
 
{{TenureListEnd}}
 
</div name=fredbot:officeCapt>
 
</div name=fredbot:officeCapt>
Line 77: Line 84:
 
==Bibliography==
 
==Bibliography==
 
{{refbegin}}
 
{{refbegin}}
 +
* {{BrownSteamTBs}}
 +
* {{Conways1860}}
 +
* {{DawsonFlotillas}}
 +
* {{FriedmanBritishDestroyers}}
 +
* {{LyonWinfieldSteamList}}
 
{{refend}}
 
{{refend}}
  

Revision as of 15:53, 18 August 2014

H.M. T.B. 81 (1884)
Builder: J. S. White[1]
Launched: 1884[2]
Completed: 1885[3]
Sold: 22 October, 1921[4]
H.M. T.B. 81 was built by J. S. White as a private venture and was subsequently purchased by the Royal Navy.

Construction

Her design featured White's trademark cut-up stern for improved maneuverability and a ram bow.

Laid down in 1884 at J. S. White and named Swift by her builders, there appear to be multiple stories regarding T.B. 81's origin. Lionel Dawson, who briefly commanded her in late 1909, wrote that:

She had been built many years before as a destroyer for the Brazilian Navy, and her officers' accommodation was excellent, including a captain's cabin. She was much larger than the remainder [of the British torpedo boats] and handled admirably.


A curious-looking craft, with a flush and "turtle-backed" upper-deck, she was manœuvred from the top of a conning-tower that rose like a Martello tower from the fo'c'sle. Her men's accommodation, though, was deplorable. But I do not suppose they gave much thought to that in Brazil![5]

The relevant volume of Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships describes her as being built "as a private venture, with an eye to Admiralty purchase".[6] Norman Friedman's British Destroyers says much the same, as does D.K. Brown in an article on British torpedo boats.[7][8] None of these modern works mention a Brazilian connection, although this does not rule out that such an origin story was believed by her officers and men.

Service

When Swift was purchased by the Royal Navy she received the next available number in the first-class torpedo boat sequence, becoming T.B. 81.

After reboilering in 1888, she had two small funnels instead of the single one she was completed with.[9]

In 1895, she was one of twenty-three first class torpedo boats of at least 125 feet in length stationed in Portsmouth along with four smaller boats.[10]

Ran aground off Alderney in 1901 but salvaged and returned to service. Reboilered in 1905.[11]

Following her reboilering she was seldom out of commission, and her greater size than the majority of the other first-class torpedo boats meant she was often used as the senior flotilla officer's boat. When Lionel Dawson took her over while still a junior Lieutenant, he considered himself very fortunate.[12]

Sold, along with T.B. 80, to J. E. Thomas on 22 October, 1921.[13]

Captains

Dates of appointment are provided when known.

Armament

As Commissioned

One fixed bow 14 inch torpedo tube and two deck 14 inch torpedo tubes.

Four 3-pounder quick-firing guns.

World War One

One fixed bow 14 inch torpedo tube and two deck 14 inch torpedo tubes.

Three 3-pounder quick-firing guns.

Depth charges.[47]

See Also

Footnotes

  1. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. p. 103.
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. p. 103. The date of launch is imprecise.
  3. Lyon; Winfield. The Steam & Sail List. p. 312.
  4. Lyon; Winfield. The Steam & Sail List. p. 312.
  5. Dawson. Flotillas. p. 78.
  6. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. p. 103.
  7. Friedman. British Destroyers. p. 8.
  8. Brown. Steam Torpedo Boats. p. 83.
  9. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. p. 103.
  10. Annual Report of the Torpedo School, 1895. p. 62.
  11. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. p. 103.
  12. Dawson. Flotillas. p. 78.
  13. Lyon; Winfield. The Steam & Sail List. p. 312.
  14. Egerton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/19/9
  15. Egerton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/19/9
  16. "Naval and Military Intelligence". The Times. Saturday, 30 April, 1887. Issue 32060, col E, p. 9.
  17. "Naval & Military Intelligence". The Times. Saturday, 2 July, 1887. Issue 32114, col C, p. 12.
  18. Howe Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20/311
  19. "Naval and Military Intelligence". The Times. Tuesday, 3 July, 1888. Issue 32428, col A, p. 10.
  20. "The Naval Manœuvres". The Times. Monday, 15 July, 1889. Issue 32751, col A, p. 4.
  21. Sturdee Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39/411
  22. Sturdee Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39/411
  23. Sturdee Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39/411
  24. Sturdee Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20/79
  25. "The Naval Review at Spithead". The Times. Wednesday, 9 June, 1897. Issue 35225, col D, p. 10.
  26. "The Naval Mobilization". The Times. Monday, 10 July, 1899. Issue 35877, col C, p. 10.
  27. "The Naval Manœuvres". The Times. Thursday, 11 July, 1901. Issue 36504, col C, p. 8.
  28. Hall Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/236
  29. The Monthly Navy List. (December, 1905). p. 400.
  30. "Naval and Military Intelligence". The Times. Wednesday, 10 January, 1906. Issue 37913, col F, p. 9.
  31. The Navy List. (January, 1907). p. 400.
  32. "Naval & Military Intelligence". The Times. Saturday, 15 February, 1908. Issue 38570, col B, p. 12.
  33. Preston Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44/79
  34. Preston Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44/79
  35. Dawson Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/77
  36. Dawson Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/77
  37. The Navy List. (January, 1912). p. 401.
  38. The Navy List. (March, 1913). p. 366.
  39. The Navy List. (March, 1913). p. 401.
  40. The Navy List. (December, 1913). p. 401a.
  41. The Navy List. (October, 1915). p. 401.
  42. The Navy List. (December, 1916). p. 398u.
  43. The Navy List. (December, 1916). p. 401.
  44. The Navy List. (November, 1917). p. 398y.
  45. The Navy List. (December, 1918). p. 956.
  46. The Navy List. (March, 1919). p. 741.
  47. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. p. 103.

Bibliography

  • Brown, David K. (2005). Jordan, John. ed. "Steam Torpedo Boats of the Royal Navy". Warship 2005: pp. 73-96.
  • Chesneau, Robert; Kolesnik, Eugene (editors) (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. (on Amazon.com and Amazon.co.uk).
  • Dawson, Captain Lionel. (1935). Flotillas: A Hard-Lying Story. London: Rich & Cowan Ltd.
  • Friedman, Norman (2009). British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9781591140818 (on Amazon.com).
  • Lyon, David; Winfield, Rif (2004). The Sail & Steam Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy, 1815-1889. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1861760329. (on Amazon.com and Amazon.co.uk).

Template:Footer H.M. T.B. 81 (1884)