Difference between revisions of "Adrian St. Vincent Keyes"

From The Dreadnought Project
Jump to: navigation, search
(Update appts)
(renamed shiplink UK-Thames)
(30 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
'''Adrian St. Vincent Keyes''', C.B.E., D.S.O., (19 December, 1882 – 6 October, 1926) served in the [[Royal Navy]].
+
{{CommRN}} (retired) '''Adrian St. Vincent Keyes''', C.B.E., D.S.O., (19 December, 1882 – 6 October, 1926) served in the [[Royal Navy]] and the [[Royal Canadian Navy]].  His naval career and life were perhaps dampened by health concerns, but his gallant performances in support of operations at Gallipoli while in command of {{UK-Wolverine|f=p}} would earn him a D.S.O..
  
 
==Life & Career==
 
==Life & Career==
<!--Keyes was promoted to the rank of {{LieutRN}} on
+
Keyes was born in Secunderabad, Hyderabad the son of General Sir Charles Patton Keyes of the Indian Army and the younger brother of [[Roger John Brownlow Keyes, First Baron Keyes|Roger John Brownlow Keyes]], Adrian was raised by his mother, Lady Katherine.  Adrian gained eight months' time on passing out of {{UK-1Britannia}}.
  
Keyes was promoted to the rank of {{LCommRN}} on  
+
Keyes served in the cruisers {{UK-Talbot|f=p}}, {{UK-1Hermes}} and {{UK-Blenheim}} before being promoted to the rank of {{LieutRN}} on 31 December, 1902.  In mid 1903 he was appointed to {{UK-Latona}} and {{UK-1Thames}} for submarines.  On 9 September, 1904, he was placed in command of an unspecified submarine, in which he would serve until 27 October 1905, when he was appointed to {{UK-Forth}} to instruct officers and men in submarines and to command submarines himself.  On 20 December an accident damaged the engine of {{UK-B3}} and Keyes was the target of the Admiralty's displeasure.  On 24 July, 1906 he was discharged from Plymouth Hospital and was to try to join {{UK-Implacable}} by R.F.A. ''Maine'', leaving Portsmouth on 6 August.  However, this appointment was cancelled, as later that month he was sent back to Haslar Hospital with a syphilis diagnosis.  On 8 September, 1906, Keyes was appointed to {{UK-PrinceOfWales}}.  During his time in her, he contributed to good results in a gunlayer's test.  Keyes arrived back in England on 13 August, 1907.  On 8 September, he was appointed to {{UK-Mercury}}, additional, for duty with submarines.<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>
  
Keyes was promoted to the rank of {{CommRN}} on  
+
On 10 February 1909 Keyes was admitted to Haslar suffering from gonorrhea and scabies.  He was discharged back to ''Mercury'' fit on 16 March.  It was concluded that he was not fit for submarine work after being infected with venereal disease.  He was sent to {{UK-Excellent|f=p}} for a short course in gunnery and then appointed to {{UK-1Boadicea}} as first and gunnery officer, temporary, in mid 1909.  When ''Boadicea'' became flagship of Commodore (T), Keyes transferred to {{UK-Topaze}}.  In April, 1910, a dockyard accident killed stagemaker W. Long on {{UK-Topaze}}.  The Commander-in-Chief determined that Keyes had made an error in judgment of the strength of mast fittings and was cautioned to be more careful in future.<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>
  
Keyes was promoted to the rank of {{CaptRN}} on  
+
On 17 August, 1910, Keyes was admitted to Haslar for three weeks with an injured left ankle.  He was fit again on 2 September and he began a series of four command appointments in destroyers and torpedo boats that would take him to retirement in two years time.  The first appointment was in {{UK-Fawn}}, in November, 1910.  Keyes was promoted to the rank of {{LCommRN}} on 19 December, 1910.<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>
-->
+
In February 1909 Keyes was declared unfit for further submarine service, the reason being given "sent to Hospital suffering from venereal disease."  He was found fit for duty on 17 March.<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/142}} f. 633.</ref>
+
  
==See Also==
+
On 18 April, 1912, Keyes was admitted to Chatham Hospital with gout.  He was fit six days later.  Though Keyes was thanked for contributing to good battle practice results in {{UK-1Basilisk}}, he was placed on the Retired List at his own request on 22 June, 1912, to receive a step in rank at age 40.  It can only be guessed that his serial health issues were a factor in this decision.<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>
{{refbegin}}
+
{{WP|http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adrian_St._Vincent_Keyes}}
+
{{refend}}
+
  
==Bibliography==
+
Keyes was employed at Headquarters, Canadian Naval Service on 7 August, 1914, and then appointed to {{UK-Shearwater|f=p}} and to command of her small submarine flotilla on the West Coast of North America.  In mid-January, he was ordered to return home by his first convenient means.  In April, 1915, he was sent to the Dardanelles for embarkation duties, but at the end of the month he was appointed in command of the {{UK-Wolverine|f=c}}.  On 10 November 1915 his repeated good services in command were noted by Generals Hunter Weston and Davies, but wartime promotion was refused him.  Nonetheless, his work off the Gallipoli coast continued to impress and would result in a D.S.O. as he "showed great coolness, gallantry & ability" of such a degree that the successful landings on "Y" beach were judged to have largely rested on his performance.<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>
{{refbegin}}
+
<div name=fredbot:bib></div name=fredbot:bib>
+
{{refend}}
+
  
==Service Records==
+
Keyes was promoted to the rank of Acting {{CommRN}} on 14 July, 1916 and appointed in command of {{UK-Ness}}.  On 21 July, he stranded her and was cautioned to be more careful in future.<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>
 +
 
 +
Keyes was appointed in command of the decoy ship [[H.M.S. Q 26 (1903)|''Q 26'']] on 15 February, 1917.  She was renamed ''Mavis'' on 1 May, 1917.  Having recently suffered from rheumatism, on 21 June, 1917 Keyes was appointed to work with the Commander-in-Chief, Devonport on anti-submarine duties.  On 1 December, 1917 he was appointed in command of {{UK-Onyx}}.  On 14 January, 1918 he was given the additional mantle of Senior Naval Officer, Torquay.<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>
 +
 
 +
Keyes was promoted to the rank of Acting {{CaptRN}} on 1 August, 1918 and made Chief Staff officer to the C-in-C, Devonport.<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>
 +
 
 +
Keyes was promoted to the rank of {{CommRN}} (retired) for War Services on 11 November, 1918.<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Post-War==
 +
Keyes was awarded a C.B.E. (mil) for his services on the staff of the Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth in 1919.  He reverted to the Retired List on 6 June, 1919.  Soon thereafter, the Admiralty had to inform the C-in-C that Keyes would not be eligible for the confirmed rank of Captain.
 +
 
 +
Keyes died at a nursing home in Edinburgh on 6 October, 1926, as reported in ''The Times'' the following day.
 +
 
 +
==See Also==
 
{{refbegin}}
 
{{refbegin}}
 +
* [http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/results/r?_rv=simple&_q=ADM+Adrian+St.+Vincent+Keyes Service Records]
 +
{{WP|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adrian_St._Vincent_Keyes}}
 
{{refend}}
 
{{refend}}
  
 
<div name=fredbot:appts>{{TabApptsBegin}}
 
<div name=fredbot:appts>{{TabApptsBegin}}
 
{{TabNaval}}
 
{{TabNaval}}
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Alan Cameron Bruce|Alan C. Bruce]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Fawn (1897)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Fawn'']]'''<br>Nov, 1910<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/142}} f. 633.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Laurence Reynolds Palmer|Laurence R. Palmer]]'''}}
+
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Hugh Francis Wyldbore Wyldbore-Smith|Hugh F. W. Wyldbore-Smith]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Onyx (1892)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Onyx'']]'''<br>4 Oct, 1907<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>{{NLOct08|p. 318}} &ndash; 1 Nov, 1908<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Ernest William Leir|Ernest W. Leir]]'''}}
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Osmond James Prentis|Osmond J. Prentis]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Wolverine (1910)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Wolverine'']]'''<br>Apr, 1915{{NLOct15|p. 399''k''}}|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Martin John Coucher de Meric|Martin J. C. de Meric]]'''}}
+
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Montague George Bentinck Legge|Montague G. B. Legge]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Fawn (1897)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Fawn'']]'''<br>Nov, 1910<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>{{NLApr11|p. 313-5}} &ndash; 7 May, 1911<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Wilfrid Ward Hunt|Wilfrid W. Hunt]]'''}}
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Arthur Henniker-Heaton|Arthur Henniker-Heaton]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Ness (1905)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Ness'']]'''<br>14 Jul, 1916{{NLDec16|p. 396''f''}}|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Edward Heath Dauglish|Edward H. Dauglish]]'''}}
+
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Henry Percival Wilson|Henry P. Wilson]]'''|'''[[H.M. T.B. 4 (1906)|Captain of H.M. T.B. 4]]'''<br>7 May, 1911<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref> &ndash; 15 Aug, 1911<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Geoffrey Shuttleworth Holden|Geoffrey S. Holden]]'''}}
 +
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Clive Charles Henry Maitland-Addison|Clive C. H. Maitland-Addison]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Boyne (1904)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Boyne'']]'''<br>15 Aug, 1911<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref> &ndash; 24 Aug, 1911<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Nigel Kenneth Walter Barttelot|Nigel K. W. Barttelot]]'''}}
 +
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[William Dion Irvin|William D. Irvin]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Basilisk (1910)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Basilisk'']]'''<br>24 Aug, 1911<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref> &ndash; 12 Jun, 1912<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Edwin Anderson Homan|Edwin A. Homan]]'''}}
 +
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Charles William Trousdale|Charles W. Trousdale]]'''<br><small>as '''Captain of H.M.S. ''Shearwater'''''</small>|'''[[H.M.S. Shearwater (1900)|Captain of H.M.C.S. ''Shearwater'']]'''<br>6 Aug, 1914 &ndash; Apr, 1915<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>{{INF}}|Succeeded by<br>'''?'''}}
 +
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Osmond James Prentis|Osmond J. Prentis]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Wolverine (1910)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Wolverine'']]'''<br>28 Apr, 1915<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>{{NLOct15|p. 399''k''}} &ndash; 14 Jul, 1916<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Martin John Coucher de Meric|Martin J. C. de Meric]]'''}}
 +
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Ian Clarence Shirreff Hilton|Ian C. S. Hilton]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Ness (1905)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Ness'']]'''<br>14 Jul, 1916<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>{{NLDec16|p. 396''f''}} &ndash; 9 Feb, 1917<ref>Keyes Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/47/75.|D7603782}} f. 280.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Herbert Gerald Briggs|Herbert G. Briggs]]'''}}
 
{{TabEnd}}
 
{{TabEnd}}
 
</div name=fredbot:appts>
 
</div name=fredbot:appts>
Line 39: Line 51:
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Keyes, Adrian}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Keyes, Adrian}}
  
{{CatPerson|UK||}}
+
{{CatPerson|UK|1882|1926}}
 +
{{CatComm|UK}}
 +
{{CatBritannia|January, 1897}}

Revision as of 23:29, 19 April 2018

Commander (retired) Adrian St. Vincent Keyes, C.B.E., D.S.O., (19 December, 1882 – 6 October, 1926) served in the Royal Navy and the Royal Canadian Navy. His naval career and life were perhaps dampened by health concerns, but his gallant performances in support of operations at Gallipoli while in command of H.M.S. Wolverine would earn him a D.S.O..

Life & Career

Keyes was born in Secunderabad, Hyderabad the son of General Sir Charles Patton Keyes of the Indian Army and the younger brother of Roger John Brownlow Keyes, Adrian was raised by his mother, Lady Katherine. Adrian gained eight months' time on passing out of Britannia.

Keyes served in the cruisers H.M.S. Talbot, Hermes and Blenheim before being promoted to the rank of Lieutenant on 31 December, 1902. In mid 1903 he was appointed to Latona and Thames for submarines. On 9 September, 1904, he was placed in command of an unspecified submarine, in which he would serve until 27 October 1905, when he was appointed to Forth to instruct officers and men in submarines and to command submarines himself. On 20 December an accident damaged the engine of B 3 and Keyes was the target of the Admiralty's displeasure. On 24 July, 1906 he was discharged from Plymouth Hospital and was to try to join Implacable by R.F.A. Maine, leaving Portsmouth on 6 August. However, this appointment was cancelled, as later that month he was sent back to Haslar Hospital with a syphilis diagnosis. On 8 September, 1906, Keyes was appointed to Prince of Wales. During his time in her, he contributed to good results in a gunlayer's test. Keyes arrived back in England on 13 August, 1907. On 8 September, he was appointed to Mercury, additional, for duty with submarines.[1]

On 10 February 1909 Keyes was admitted to Haslar suffering from gonorrhea and scabies. He was discharged back to Mercury fit on 16 March. It was concluded that he was not fit for submarine work after being infected with venereal disease. He was sent to H.M.S. Excellent for a short course in gunnery and then appointed to Boadicea as first and gunnery officer, temporary, in mid 1909. When Boadicea became flagship of Commodore (T), Keyes transferred to Topaze. In April, 1910, a dockyard accident killed stagemaker W. Long on Topaze. The Commander-in-Chief determined that Keyes had made an error in judgment of the strength of mast fittings and was cautioned to be more careful in future.[2]

On 17 August, 1910, Keyes was admitted to Haslar for three weeks with an injured left ankle. He was fit again on 2 September and he began a series of four command appointments in destroyers and torpedo boats that would take him to retirement in two years time. The first appointment was in Fawn, in November, 1910. Keyes was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Commander on 19 December, 1910.[3]

On 18 April, 1912, Keyes was admitted to Chatham Hospital with gout. He was fit six days later. Though Keyes was thanked for contributing to good battle practice results in Basilisk, he was placed on the Retired List at his own request on 22 June, 1912, to receive a step in rank at age 40. It can only be guessed that his serial health issues were a factor in this decision.[4]

Keyes was employed at Headquarters, Canadian Naval Service on 7 August, 1914, and then appointed to H.M.S. Shearwater and to command of her small submarine flotilla on the West Coast of North America. In mid-January, he was ordered to return home by his first convenient means. In April, 1915, he was sent to the Dardanelles for embarkation duties, but at the end of the month he was appointed in command of the Modified "W" Class destroyer Wolverine. On 10 November 1915 his repeated good services in command were noted by Generals Hunter Weston and Davies, but wartime promotion was refused him. Nonetheless, his work off the Gallipoli coast continued to impress and would result in a D.S.O. as he "showed great coolness, gallantry & ability" of such a degree that the successful landings on "Y" beach were judged to have largely rested on his performance.[5]

Keyes was promoted to the rank of Acting Commander on 14 July, 1916 and appointed in command of Ness. On 21 July, he stranded her and was cautioned to be more careful in future.[6]

Keyes was appointed in command of the decoy ship Q 26 on 15 February, 1917. She was renamed Mavis on 1 May, 1917. Having recently suffered from rheumatism, on 21 June, 1917 Keyes was appointed to work with the Commander-in-Chief, Devonport on anti-submarine duties. On 1 December, 1917 he was appointed in command of Onyx. On 14 January, 1918 he was given the additional mantle of Senior Naval Officer, Torquay.[7]

Keyes was promoted to the rank of Acting Captain on 1 August, 1918 and made Chief Staff officer to the C-in-C, Devonport.[8]

Keyes was promoted to the rank of Commander (retired) for War Services on 11 November, 1918.[9]

Post-War

Keyes was awarded a C.B.E. (mil) for his services on the staff of the Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth in 1919. He reverted to the Retired List on 6 June, 1919. Soon thereafter, the Admiralty had to inform the C-in-C that Keyes would not be eligible for the confirmed rank of Captain.

Keyes died at a nursing home in Edinburgh on 6 October, 1926, as reported in The Times the following day.

See Also

Naval Appointments
Preceded by
Hugh F. W. Wyldbore-Smith
Captain of H.M.S. Onyx
4 Oct, 1907[10][11] – 1 Nov, 1908[12]
Succeeded by
Ernest W. Leir
Preceded by
Montague G. B. Legge
Captain of H.M.S. Fawn
Nov, 1910[13][14] – 7 May, 1911[15]
Succeeded by
Wilfrid W. Hunt
Preceded by
Henry P. Wilson
Captain of H.M. T.B. 4
7 May, 1911[16] – 15 Aug, 1911[17]
Succeeded by
Geoffrey S. Holden
Preceded by
Clive C. H. Maitland-Addison
Captain of H.M.S. Boyne
15 Aug, 1911[18] – 24 Aug, 1911[19]
Succeeded by
Nigel K. W. Barttelot
Preceded by
William D. Irvin
Captain of H.M.S. Basilisk
24 Aug, 1911[20] – 12 Jun, 1912[21]
Succeeded by
Edwin A. Homan
Preceded by
Charles W. Trousdale
as Captain of H.M.S. Shearwater
Captain of H.M.C.S. Shearwater
6 Aug, 1914 – Apr, 1915[22][Inference]
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
Osmond J. Prentis
Captain of H.M.S. Wolverine
28 Apr, 1915[23][24] – 14 Jul, 1916[25]
Succeeded by
Martin J. C. de Meric
Preceded by
Ian C. S. Hilton
Captain of H.M.S. Ness
14 Jul, 1916[26][27] – 9 Feb, 1917[28]
Succeeded by
Herbert G. Briggs

Footnotes

  1. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  2. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  3. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  4. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  5. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  6. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  7. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  8. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  9. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  10. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  11. The Navy List. (October, 1908). p. 318.
  12. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  13. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  14. The Navy List. (April, 1911). p. 313-5.
  15. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  16. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  17. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  18. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  19. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  20. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  21. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  22. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  23. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  24. The Navy List. (October, 1915). p. 399k.
  25. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  26. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.
  27. The Navy List. (December, 1916). p. 396f.
  28. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/75. f. 280.