Third Cruiser Squadron (Royal Navy)

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History

From November, 1904 to November, 1906, the Third Cruiser Squadron was commanded by Rear-Admiral Sir Hedworth Lambton.[1] He was succeeded by Rear-Admiral Henry D. Barry, who hoisted his flag at Portsmouth in the Bacchante on 10 November, 1906.[2] Rear-Admiral Sir Henry B. Jackson assumed command of the squadron on 16 October, 1908.[3] It is assumed that upon the reorganisation of the Home Fleet in mid-1909, the Third Cruiser Squadron became the Sixth Cruiser Squadron, and the name Third Cruiser Squadron was given to nucleus crew ships at the Home Ports.[Inference]

Rear-Admiral Charles E. Madden assumed command of the Third Cruiser Squadron on 11 December, 1912, and was succeeded on 19 December, 1913[4] by Rear-Admiral William C. Pakenham.[5]

In Command

Dates of appointment given:

Composition

June, 1906

[39]

Carnarvon had been flag from 20 November to 22 December, 1905.[40]

February, 1907

[41]

December, 1912

A handwritten diary records the roster as:[42]

December, 1913

The same diary records the same roster, but also makes the flagship clear.[43] From September, 1914 (at least), the Squadron is attached to the Home Fleet.

The roster would remain the same until September, 1915.[44][45][46][47][48][49][50][51][52][53][54][55]

September, 1915

Argyll is removed for duties "in Home Waters or on detached service."[56]

This roster would apply for just one month.

October, 1915

Devonshire and Roxburgh now have been detached for duty "in Home Waters or on detached service" as Argyll rejoins, but Argyll would be wrecked and lost on 28 October.[57]

This roster would apply for just one month.

November, 1915

Argyll has been lost, and the other two cruisers have returned.[58]

This roster would apply until May, 1916.[59]

May, 1916

The Squadron is now listed a few pages later than previously, suggesting that although it (like the {UK-BS|3}}) is still attached to the Grand Fleet, it no longer operates with the Battle Fleet.[60]

This roster would apply for just one month.

June, 1916

The Squadron is again listed prominently right below the Battle Squadrons of the Grand Fleet, suggesting that losses at the Battle of Jutland have caused a shortage of armoured cruisers to screen the Battle Fleet.[61]

This roster would apply until September, 1916.[62]

September, 1916

The Squadron has been dissolved, with Devonshire going to "Home Waters or on detached service", and Roxburgh and Antrim being assigned to the North America and West Indies Station.[63]

It appears that the Squadron was not reconstituted in future.[Fact Check]

Footnotes

  1. "Admiral of the Fleet Sir H. Meux" (Obituaries). The Times. Saturday, 21 September, 1929. Issue 45314, col B, p. 12.
  2. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Monday, 12 November, 1906. Issue 38175, col D, p. 7.
  3. Jackson Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/38. f. 682.
  4. Madden Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 83.
  5. Pakenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 13.
  6. Meux Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 774.
  7. Meux Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/19. f. 500.
  8. The Navy List. (October, 1906). p. 268.
  9. Jackson Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/38. f. 682.
  10. Madden Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 83.
  11. Madden Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 83.
  12. Pakenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 13.
  13. Pakenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/88. f. 13.
  14. Squadrons and Senior Naval Officers in Existence on 11th November, 1918. f. 14.
  15. Grant Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/87. f. 98.
  16. Squadrons and Senior Naval Officers in Existence on 11th November, 1918. f. 14.
  17. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY SENIOR APPOINTMENTS.
  18. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY SENIOR APPOINTMENTS.
  19. McClintock Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 236.
  20. McClintock Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 236.
  21. Hamilton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 375.
  22. Hamilton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 375.
  23. Preston Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44/79. f. 79.
  24. Preston Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44/79. f. 79.
  25. Davies Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 413.
  26. Davies Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 413.
  27. Domvile Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 224.
  28. Domvile Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 224.
  29. Mentioned as predecessor in Brownrigg Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 231.
  30. Brownrigg Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 231.
  31. Brownrigg Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 231.
  32. Lyon Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/48. f. 480.
  33. Wells Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/181., f. 97.
  34. Wells Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/181., f. 97.
  35. The Navy List. (May, 1939). p. 98.
  36. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY SENIOR APPOINTMENTS.
  37. Renouf Service Record The National Archives. ADM 196/51/254. f. 268.
  38. Renouf Service Record The National Archives. ADM 196/51/254. f. 268.
  39. The Navy List (June, 1906). pp. 268, 269.
  40. Meux Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/19. f. 500.
  41. Hazell's Annual, 1908. pp. 306-307.
  42. Handwritten notes in Albert Francis Barclay Bridges papers at The Caird Library at the National Maritime Museum. [BRG 1/1]
  43. Handwritten notes in Albert Francis Barclay Bridges papers at The Caird Library at the National Maritime Museum. [BRG 1/1]
  44. The Navy List (April, 1914). p. 269.
  45. Printed page, likely from a Navy List, headed "Fleets and Squadrons in Commission at Home and Abroad" and annotated "July 1914" in Albert Francis Barclay Bridges papers at The Caird Library at the National Maritime Museum. [BRG 1/1]
  46. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (September 1914). p. 9.
  47. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (October, 1914). p. 9.
  48. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (December, 1914). p. 9.
  49. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (January, 1915). p. 9.
  50. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (March, 1915). p. 11.
  51. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (April, 1915). p. 10.
  52. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (May, 1915). p. 10.
  53. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (June, 1915). p. 10.
  54. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (July, 1915). p. 10.
  55. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (August, 1915). p. 10.
  56. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (September, 1915). pp. 10, 14.
  57. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (October, 1915). pp. 10, 14.
  58. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (October, 1915). p. 10.
  59. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (November, 1915). p. 10, and Supplements through April, 1916.
  60. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (May, 1916). p. 10.
  61. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (June, 1916). p. 10.
  62. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (July, 1916). p. 10, and August's Suplement.
  63. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (September, 1916). pp. 10, 14, 19.

Bibliography


Cruiser Squadrons of the Royal Navy
First Cruiser Squadron | Second Cruiser Squadron | Third Cruiser Squadron | Fourth Cruiser Squadron | Fifth Cruiser Squadron | Sixth Cruiser Squadron | Seventh Cruiser Squadron | Eighth Cruiser Squadron | Ninth Cruiser Squadron | Tenth Cruiser Squadron | Eleventh Cruiser Squadron | Twelfth Cruiser Squadron | Cruiser Force F