Second Sea Lord

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The Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel, until 1904 Second Naval Lord, and between 1904 and 1917 Second Sea Lord, was the member of the Board of Admiralty responsible for the personnel of the British Royal Navy. He was in charge of manning the ships, and training and educating the men.

History

The Second Naval Lord was historically the second-most senior naval officer on the Board of Admiralty. The position was abolished by Hugh Childers upon his becoming First Lord of the Admiralty in December, 1868, and Rear-Admiral George Seymour, a previous Third Naval Lord, was appointed to assist the First Naval Lord with his increased workload. In January, 1869, Captain George Willes succeeded Seymour and was appointed as "Chief of the Staff," with the same pay as the Junior Naval Lord, and the task of superintending the Coastguard, Royal Naval Reserve, and the manning of the Fleet.[1] By Order in Council of 14 January, 1869, the position of Second Naval Lord officially ceased to exist and his duties were nominally given to the First Naval Lord, assisted by the Junior Naval Lord. The other Naval Lords were also given an increase in pay.[2]

The office of Second Naval Lord was re-established on 19 April, 1872, by Order in Council of 19 March of that year. His salary was fixed at £1,200 a year. His duties were not specified as part of the distribution of Admiralty business.[3]

The First Naval Lord, the Second Naval Lord, and the Junior Naval Lord to be responsible to the First Lord of the Admiralty for the Administration of so much business relating to the "Personnel" of the Navy, and to the movement and condition of your Majesty's Fleet, as shall be assigned them, from time to time, by the First Lord.[4]

By Order in Council of 21 December, 1906, the emoluments of the Second Sea Lord were raised from £1,000 a year to £1,500 a year, in addition to Naval Half Pay.[5]

By Order-in-Council of 23 October, 1917, the Second Sea Lord's title was altered to Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel.[6]

Staff

Immediately prior to the Great War the Second Sea Lord's office consisted of a Naval Assistant, a Commander, and a Fleet Paymaster.[7]

Duties

Second Naval Lords/Second Sea Lords

Dates of appointment given in all instances:

Naval Assistants to the Second Sea Lord

See Also

Footnotes

  1. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. [Naval Staff.] pp. 11-12.
  2. Hamilton. pp. 189-190.
  3. Hamilton. p. 192.
  4. Quoted in Hamilton. p. 192.
  5. Order in Council of 21 December, 1906.
  6. Order in Council of 23 October, 1917.
  7. Navy Estimates for the Year 1914–1915. p. 146.
  8. "Precis of the Division & General Mode of Conducting the Business of the Admiralty at Whitehall." Dated 21 June, 1844. The National Archives. ADM 1/5543..
  9. "Appendix No. 1. Distribution of Duties." Report of the Select Committee on the Board of Admiralty (1861). p. 639.
  10. The National Archives. ADM 1/6313.
  11. The National Archives. ADM 1/6313.
  12. Statement Showing Present Distribution of Business Between the Various Members of the Board of Admiralty, Dated 20th October 1904; and that which it Superseded, Dated 1st January, 1904. Cd. 2417. p. 4.
  13. Statement Showing Present Distribution of Business Between the Various Members of the Board of Admiralty, Dated 20th October 1904; and that which it Superseded, Dated 1st January, 1904. Cd. 2417. p. 4.
  14. "The Board of Admiralty. Distribution of Business." Greene Papers. National Maritime Museum. GEE/2.
  15. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  16. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  17. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  18. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  19. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  20. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  21. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  22. Fairfax Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/14. f. 721.
  23. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  24. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  25. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  26. Bedford Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/14. f. 824
  27. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  28. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119. 14 August given here.
  29. Douglas Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/36. f. 337.
  30. Douglas Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/36. f. 337.
  31. Fisher Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/36. f. 455.
  32. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  33. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  34. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  35. Bridgeman Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 167.
  36. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  37. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  38. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  39. Jellicoe Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/38. f. 693.
  40. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 125.
  41. Hamilton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/19. f. 335.
  42. Hamilton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/19. f. 335.
  43. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 125.
  44. Gough-Calthorpe Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 130/264.
  45. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 125.
  46. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  47. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  48. Heath Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 200.
  49. Heath Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 200.
  50. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  51. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  52. Oliver Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 187.
  53. Oliver Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 187.
  54. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  55. Culme-Seymour Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 217.
  56. Culme-Seymour Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 217.
  57. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  58. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 119.
  59. Fuller Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 215.
  60. Fuller Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 215.
  61. Pound Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 294.
  62. Pound Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 294.
  63. Dunbar-Nasmith Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/90/89. f. 89.
  64. Dunbar-Nasmith Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/48/178. f. 583.
  65. Little Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/95. f. 300.
  66. Little Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/95. f. 300.
  67. Whitworth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/232. f. 224.
  68. Whitworth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/232. f. 224.
  69. Scott Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 501.
  70. Scott Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 501.
  71. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Saturday, 20 November, 1909. Issue 39122, col D, p. 5.
  72. Date corrected in Boothby Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 180.
  73. Boothby Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 180.
  74. Lambert Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20. f. 253/510.
  75. Lambert Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20. f. 253/510.
  76. Phillpotts Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 170.
  77. Phillpotts Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 170.
  78. Brand Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 118.
  79. Brand Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 118.
  80. Buller Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 403.
  81. Buller Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 403.
  82. Meade Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 177.
  83. Month inferred from Buller Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 403.
  84. Meade Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 177.
  85. The Navy List. (January, 1920). p. 1812.
  86. Lowndes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 470.
  87. Lowndes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 470.
  88. Davies Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 413.
  89. Davies Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 413.
  90. Superseded his predecessor that date. Davies Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 413.
  91. Superseded that day. Barry Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/53. f. 150.
  92. Edward-Collins Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/91. f. 154.
  93. Edward-Collins Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/91. f. 154.
  94. Barry Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/53. f. 150.
  95. Barry Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/53. f. 150.

Bibliography

  • Naval Staff, Training and Staff Duties Division (1929). The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. Its Work and Development. B.R. 1845 (late C.B. 3013). Copy at The National Archives. ADM 234/434.

Board of Admiralty
Civilian Lords
First Lord of the Admiralty
Civil Lord of the Admiralty
Additional Civil Lord of the Admiralty (1882 – 1885, 1912 – 1917)
Controller (1917 – 1918)
Naval Lords
First Naval Lord (– 1904) • First Sea Lord (1904 – 1917) • First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff (1917 –)
Second Naval Lord (– 1869, 1872 – 1904) • Second Sea Lord (1904 – 1917) • Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel (1917 –)
Third Naval Lord (– 1869) • Third Lord and Controller (1869 – 1872) • Third Naval Lord and Controller of the Navy (1882 – 1904) • Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy (1904 – 1912) • Third Sea Lord (1912 – 1917) • Third Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Matériel (1917 – 1918) • Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy (1918 –)
Junior Naval Lord (– 1904) • Fourth Sea Lord (1907 – 1917) • Fourth Sea Lord and Chief of Supplies and Transport (1917 –)
Fifth Sea Lord (1917) • Fifth Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Air Service (1917 – 1918)
Staff Lords
Deputy First Sea Lord (1917 – 1919)
Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (1917 –)
Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (1917 –)
Secretaries
First Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (– 1869) • Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1869 – 1904) • Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1904 –)
Second Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (– 1869) • Permanent Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1869 – 1877, 1880 –)
Naval Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1872 – 1882)