Second Cruiser Squadron (Royal Navy)

From The Dreadnought Project
Jump to: navigation, search

History

The Second Cruiser Squadron was instituted by Admiralty order in December, 1904,[1] and Rear-Admiral H.S.H. Prince Louis of Battenberg was appointed in command on 1 February, 1905, flying his flag in H.M.S. Drake.[2] He was succeeded by Rear-Admiral Charles H. Adair on 23 February, 1907.[3]

Rear-Admiral Doveton Sturdee assumed command on 11 December, 1912,[4] and was succeeded by Rear-Admiral Charles E. Madden on 19 December, 1913.[5] Madden was succeeded on 29 July, 1914, by Rear-Admiral the Honourable Somerset A. Gough-Calthorpe at Chatham.[6]

On 1 February, 1919, the squadron, the last armoured cruiser squadron in the Royal Navy, ceased to exist and went into the Portsmouth Reserve.[7]

In Command

Dates of appointment given when known:

Composition

January, 1907

[48]

April, 1910

[49]

December, 1912

[50]

December, 1913

The squadron has been reduced from seven to four, as Warrior, Black Prince and Duke of Edinburgh have been transferred into the First Cruiser Squadron for duty in the Mediterranean Fleet.[51]

April, 1914

[52]

This roster lasted through the outbreak of war,[53] until February, 1916.[54]

September, 1914

Part of Cruiser Force A, a precursor to the Battle Cruiser Fleet. The composition remains as it was in April, 1914.

This roster and affiliation would last until January, 1915.[55][56]

January, 1915

The roster is unchanged, but Cruiser Force A has been dissolved and the Squadron is now directly attached to the First Fleet of the Home Fleets.[57]

This roster and affiliation would last a month or two.

March, 1915

The roster is unchanged, but the Squadron is now one of five attached to the newly-formed Battle Cruiser Fleet.[58]

This roster and affiliation would last just the month.

April, 1915

The roster is unchanged, but the Squadron is one of five attached to the newly-formed Grand Fleet.[59]

This roster and affiliation would last until February, 1916.[60]

February, 1916

Attached to the Grand Fleet. Natal has been belatedly removed, as she was lost to an internal explosion at the end of December.[61]

This roster would last until June, 1916.[62][63][64]

June, 1916

Attached to the Grand Fleet. Following losses in other cruiser squadrons at the Battle of Jutland, Minotaur has arrived from the Seventh Cruiser Squadron and been given the flag. Duke of Edinburgh has come in from the First Cruiser Squadron.[65]

This task order would last until July, 1917.[66]

July, 1917

Attached to the Grand Fleet. The Squadron suddenly has no flagship.[67]

This leaderless state would last until September, 1917.[68]

September, 1917

Attached to the Grand Fleet. Still no flagship, and Achilles, Cochrane and Duke of Edinburgh have been given over to work "in Home Waters or on detached service".[69]

This roster would apply until December, 1917.[70][71]

December, 1917

Attached to the Grand Fleet. Three armed merchant cruisers have been attached, one of them being given the role of flagship. What effrontery![72]

This roster would apply until February, 1918.[73][74]

February, 1918

Attached to the Grand Fleet. Two of the armed merchant cruisers have been replaced by Achilles and Cochrane who are coming off duties "in Home Waters or on detached service" .[75][76]

This roster would apply for just the month.

March, 1918

Attached to the Grand Fleet. The last armed merchant cruiser is sent away, and Minotaur takes over as flagship.[77]

This roster would apply until May, 1918.[78]

May, 1918

Attached to the Grand Fleet. It appears that Cochrane has been detached while remaining under the Squadron's aegis, and that Shannon has temporarily taken the flagship role.[79]

This roster would apply until July, 1918.[80]

July, 1918

Attached to the Grand Fleet. Minotaur has resumed her role as flagship.[81]

This roster would apply until October or November, 1918.[82][83]

November, 1918

Attached to the Grand Fleet. Cochrane has returned from her detached service.[84]

This roster would apply for just November.

December, 1918

Attached to the Grand Fleet. Cochrane has now been wholly removed from the Squadron, as was lost to grounding in November.[85]

This roster would apply for just December.

January, 1919

It appears the Squadron has been abolished, with the ships being sent "temporarily" to various ports: Shannon to the Nore[86] and Achilles and Minotaur to Portsmouth.[87]

It would not be reformed.[Citation needed]

Footnotes

  1. "The Distribution and Mobilization of the Fleet" (News). The Times. Monday, 12 December, 1904. Issue 37575, col D, p. 4.
  2. "Naval & Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Monday, 26 December, 1904. Issue 37587, col B, p. 9.
  3. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Saturday, 2 February, 1907. Issue 38246, col F, p. 11.
  4. Sturdee Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. p. 1256.
  5. Madden Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. p. 83.
  6. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Thursday, 30 July, 1914. Issue 40589, col B, p. 4.
  7. "Squadrons and Senior Naval Officers in Existence on 11th November, 1918, and Which Have Now Ceased to Exist." The National Archives. ADM 6/461. f. 21.
  8. Milford Haven Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/38. f. 15.
  9. Adair Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/18. f. 519.
  10. Adair Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/18. f. 519.
  11. Lowry Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 800.
  12. Lowry Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 800.
  13. The Navy List. (July, 1911). p. 267.
  14. Warrender Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 1385.
  15. Warrender Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 1385.
  16. Sturdee Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 1256.
  17. Sturdee Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 1256.
  18. Madden Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 83.
  19. Madden Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 83.
  20. Squadrons and Senior Naval Officers in Existence on 11th November, 1918. f. 13.
  21. Gough-Calthorpe Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 130/264.
  22. Squadrons and Senior Naval Officers in Existence on 11th November, 1918. f. 13.
  23. Heath Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 200.
  24. Heath Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 200.
  25. Squadrons and Senior Naval Officers in Existence on 11th November, 1918. f. 13.
  26. Fremantle Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 473.
  27. Tupper Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 1337.
  28. Tupper Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 1337.
  29. Squadrons and Senior Naval Officers in Existence on 11th November, 1918. f. 21.
  30. Bruen Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 418.
  31. Kelly Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/2. f. 230.
  32. Kelly Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/2. f. 230.
  33. Best Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 192.
  34. Best Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 192.
  35. Astley-Rushton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/45. f. 55.
  36. Astley-Rushton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/45. f. 55.
  37. Superseded that day. Calvert Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/14. f. 7.
  38. Calvert Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/14. f. 7.
  39. Calvert Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/14. f. 7.
  40. Edward-Collins Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/91. f. 154.
  41. Edward-Collins Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/91. f. 154.
  42. Curteis Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/51/13. f. 13.
  43. Curteis Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/51/13. f. 13.
  44. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY SENIOR APPOINTMENTS.
  45. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY SENIOR APPOINTMENTS.
  46. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY SENIOR APPOINTMENTS.
  47. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY SENIOR APPOINTMENTS.
  48. The Navy List. (January, 1907). p. 269.
  49. The Navy List. (April, 1910). p. 269.
  50. Handwritten notes in Albert Francis Barclay Bridges papers at The Caird Library at the National Maritime Museum. [BRG 1/1]
  51. Handwritten notes in Albert Francis Barclay Bridges papers at The Caird Library at the National Maritime Museum. [BRG 1/1]
  52. The Navy List. (April, 1914). p. 269.
  53. Naval Operations. Volume I. p. 439.
  54. Printed page "Fleets and Squadrons in Commission at Home and Abroad" in Albert Francis Barclay Bridges papers at The Caird Library at the National Maritime Museum. [BRG 1/1]
  55. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (October, 1914). p. 9.
  56. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (January, 1915). p. 9.
  57. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (January, 1915). p. 9.
  58. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (March, 1915). p. 11.
  59. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (April, 1915). p. 10.
  60. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (May, 1915). p. 10, and Supplements through January, 1916.
  61. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (March, 1916). p. 10.
  62. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (March, 1916). p. 10.
  63. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (April, 1916). p. 10.
  64. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (May, 1916). p. 10.
  65. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (June, 1916). p. 10.
  66. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (July, 1916). p. 10, and Supplements through June, 1917.
  67. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (July, 1917). pp. 5, 10.
  68. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (August, 1917). p. 10.
  69. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (September, 1917). pp. 10, 14.
  70. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (October, 1917). p. 10.
  71. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (November, 1917). p. 10.
  72. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (December, 1917). p. 10.
  73. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (December, 1917). p. 10.
  74. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (January, 1918). p. 10.
  75. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (January, 1918). p. 14.
  76. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (February, 1918). p. 10.
  77. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (March, 1918). p. 10.
  78. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (April, 1918). p. 10.
  79. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (May, 1918). p. 10.
  80. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (June, 1918). p. 10.
  81. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (July, 1918). p. 10.
  82. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (August, 1918). p. 10.
  83. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (November, 1918). p. 10. No October Supplement was located.
  84. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (November, 1918). p. 10.
  85. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (December, 1918). p. 10.
  86. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (January, 1919). p. 19.
  87. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (January, 1919). p. 20.

Bibliography


Cruiser Squadrons of the Royal Navy
First Cruiser Squadron | Second Cruiser Squadron | Third Cruiser Squadron | Fourth Cruiser Squadron | Fifth Cruiser Squadron
Sixth Cruiser Squadron | Seventh Cruiser Squadron | Eighth Cruiser Squadron | Ninth Cruiser Squadron | Tenth Cruiser Squadron
Eleventh Cruiser Squadron | Twelfth Cruiser Squadron | Fifteenth Cruiser Squadron | Eighteenth Cruiser Squadron
Cruiser Force F