Permanent Secretary to the Board of Admiralty

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The Permanent Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (widely referred to as the "Secretary of the Admiralty") was the senior civil servant at the Admiralty, the department of state responsible for the administration of the Royal Navy. He was the head of the Secretary's Department. Although not a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty, he functioned as a member of the Board, and attended all of its meetings.

History

Under the Order in Council of 14 January, 1869, the Second Secretary, now designated Permanent Secretary, was given "exclusive charge of the Secretariat, under the directions of the First Lord of the Admiralty."[1]

The position was abolished on 1 November, 1877.[2] It was replaced by that of Naval Secretary to the Board of Admiralty,[3] which it had run parallel to since 1872, but was re-introduced by Order in Council in 1882.[4] The office of Naval Secretary was abolished on 8 May.[5] Mr. Robert G. C. Hamilton, Accountant-General of the Navy, was appointed Permanent Secretary on the same day, but was appointed Under-Secretary to the Chief Secretary for Ireland immediately following the Phoenix Park Murders on 6 May. Vice-Admiral Robert Hall, who had just relinquished the office of Naval Secretary, was temporarily appointed Permanent Secretary on 15 May.[6] Admiral Hall died on 11 June, and Captain George Tryon was appointed Permanent Secretary on 13 June, also in a temporary capacity. However, he held the post until succeeded by Evan MacGregor on 2 April, 1884.[7]

Duties

Assistant Secretary

The Permanent Secretary was assisted by an Assistant Secretary (not a Deputy Secretary,[13] which post didn't exist until after the First World War), whose duties were defined in March, 1913, as follows:

The Assistant Secretary acts for the Permanent Secretary in his absence and relieves him of such part of his ordinary duties as the Permanent Secretary may assign to him, the Permanent Secretary continuing to be responsible to the Board. He is responsible for the detailed supervision of the departmental organisation for war, and in this capacity is connected with the Admiralty War Staff, and attends and acts as Secretary at the periodical Staff Meetings. He exercises a general supervision over the Secretary's Department, under the direction of the Permanent Secretary. He also has general charge of office arrangements, including the allocation of accommodation and the superintendence of the Messenger Staff.[14]

Permanent Secretaries

Assistant Secretaries

Assistant Secretary for Finance Duties

Acting Assistant Secretary (C)

Acting Staff Assistant Secretary

Temporary and Additional Secretary

See Also

Footnotes

  1. The Orders in Council for the Regulation of the Naval Service. III.. pp. 254-256.
  2. A List of the Lords High Admiral and Commissioners for executing that Office, which have been from time to time appointed, since the year 1660. p. 39. Tudor Papers. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. King's College London. Tudor 1.
  3. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 13.
  4. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 22.
  5. A List of the Lords High Admiral and Commissioners for executing that Office, which have been from time to time appointed, since the year 1660. p. 40. Tudor Papers. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. King's College London. Tudor 1.
  6. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 22.
  7. A List of the Lords High Admiral and Commissioners for executing that Office, which have been from time to time appointed, since the year 1660. p. 41. Tudor Papers. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. King's College London. Tudor 1.
  8. "Precis of the Division & General Mode of Conducting the Business of the Admiralty at Whitehall." Dated 21 June, 1844. The National Archives. ADM 1/5543..
  9. H.C. 84, 1869. p. 2. Copy in Milne Papers. National Maritime Museum. MLN/146/1.
  10. "Distribution of Business." The National Archives. ADM 1/6313.
  11. "Distribution of Business." The National Archives. ADM 1/6313.
  12. "Board of Admiralty. Distribution of Business Between the Various Members of the Board of Admiralty, Showing the Successive Changes Made Between 1885 and the Present Time." C.—6199. 1890. Copy in Greene Papers. National Maritime Museum. GEE/2.
  13. Rodger. The Admiralty. p. 138.
  14. Official Rules and Procedure. p. 2. Copy in Greene Papers. National Maritime Museum. GEE/2.
  15. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 22.
  16. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 22.
  17. A List of the Lords High Admiral and Commissioners for executing that Office, which have been from time to time appointed, since the year 1660. p. 41. Tudor Papers. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. King's College London. Tudor 1.
  18. Tryon Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/13. f. 394.
  19. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 120.
  20. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 120.
  21. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 120.
  22. Board Minute No. 52 of 20 September, 1917. "Official Copy of Board Minutes: Meetings of the Board of Admiralty August 1917 to December 1918." p. 21. The National Archives. ADM 167/53.

Bibliography

  • "Return "of the Distribution of Business under the Lords of the Admiralty under the Old and New Arrangement for conducting the business of the Department."" H.C. 84, 1869. Copies in Greene and Milne Papers. National Maritime Museum. GEE/2 and MLN/146/1.
  • Black, Nicholas (2009). The British Naval Staff in the First World War. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press. ISBN 9781843834427.
  • Hamilton, C. I. (2011). The Making of the Modern Admiralty: British Naval Policy-Making, 1805-1927. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521765183. (on Amazon.co.uk).
  • Naval Staff, Training and Staff Duties Division (1929). The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. Its Work and Development. B.R. 1845 (late C.B. 3013). Copy at The National Archives. ADM 234/434.
  • Rodger, N. A. M. (1979). The Admiralty. Lavenham: Terence Dalton Limited. ISBN 0900963948.


Board of Admiralty
Civilian Lords
First Lord of the Admiralty
Civil Lord of the Admiralty
Additional Civil Lord of the Admiralty (1882 – 1885, 1912 – 1917)
Controller (1917 – 1918)
Naval Lords
First Naval Lord (– 1904) • First Sea Lord (1904 – 1917) • First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff (1917 –)
Second Naval Lord (– 1869, 1872 – 1904) • Second Sea Lord (1904 – 1917) • Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel (1917 –)
Third Naval Lord (– 1869) • Third Lord and Controller (1869 – 1872) • Third Naval Lord and Controller of the Navy (1882 – 1904) • Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy (1904 – 1912) • Third Sea Lord (1912 – 1917) • Third Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Matériel (1917 – 1918) • Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy (1918 –)
Junior Naval Lord (– 1904) • Fourth Sea Lord (1907 – 1917) • Fourth Sea Lord and Chief of Supplies and Transport (1917 –)
Fifth Sea Lord (1917) • Fifth Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Air Service (1917 – 1918)
Staff Lords
Deputy First Sea Lord (1917 – 1919)
Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (1917 –)
Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (1917 –)
Secretaries
First Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (– 1869) • Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1869 – 1904) • Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1904 –)
Second Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (– 1869) • Permanent Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1869 – 1877, 1880 –)
Naval Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1872 – 1882)