Mate (Royal Navy)
Of the 371 Mates promoted up to the time of the Armistice, only twenty-seven remained on the Active List by 18 March, 1937, two of whom were Captains and ten Commanders. 139 retired under the "Geddes Axe" in 1922.
Vice-Admiral Sir Benjamin Martin became the first Mate to reach the rank of Rear-Admiral in 1944. By one measure, he was the first officer from the lower deck to achieve Flag Rank on the Active List for eighty-seven years.
- The Navy List (October, 1915). p. 951a.
- Wragg. Royal Navy Handbook, 1914-1918, p. 156.
- "From the Lower Deck" (News). The Times. Thursday, 18 March, 1937. Issue 47636, col G, p. 17.
- "From Lower Deck to Flag List" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Thursday, 13 July, 1944. Issue 49907, col C, p. 2.
- Wragg, David (2006). Royal Navy Handbook, 1914-1918. Thrupp: Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0750942037.