John Henry Dacres Cunningham

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Admiral of the Fleet John Henry Dacres Cunningham, G.C.B., M.V.O., D.L. (13 April, 1885 – 13 December, 1962) served in the Royal Navy.

Life & Career

Born in British Guiana, Cunningham gained three and a half months' time on passing out of Britannia in mid-May of 1901. His first naval appointment was three years in the first class protected cruiser Gibraltar on the Cape of Good Hope Station. He was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant on 30 October, 1905 and then was sent to join Cæsar in the Channel until 2 January, 1906.[1]

At the start of the Great War, Cunningham was serving as navigating officer in Berwick of the Fourth Cruiser Squadron, where he had been since 16 May, 1911. Part of his work with Berwick required him to train Canadian midshipmen, which he did well enough to prompt the Canadian government to thank him. He left the cruiser in May of 1915. Following a month in Hibernia, he was appointed to Russell for navigation on 1 July, 1915. Cunningham was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Commander on 30 October, 1915.[2]

Russell was lost to a mine on 27 April, 1916 and Cunningham was appointed to Barham, additional, for navigation work, putting him there just in time to fight in the Battle of Jutland. He was appointed to Renown for navigation in July, 1916 and would serve the rest of the war in that ship, being promoted to the rank of Commander on 30 June, 1917.[3]

Post-War

Cunningham was promoted to the rank of Captain on 30 June, 1924.[4]

Cunningham was appointed in command of the minelayer Adventure on 26 January, 1928. He was superseded on 21 November, 1929.[5]

Cunningham was promoted to the rank of Rear-Admiral on 1 January, 1936.[6]

Cunningham was superseded as Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty on 19 July, 1938, by Alexander Robert Maule Ramsay.[7]

Cunningham was promoted to the rank of Vice-Admiral on 30 June, 1939.[8]

Cunningham was promoted to the rank of Admiral on 4 August, 1943.[9]

Cunningham was promoted to the rank of Admiral of the Fleet on 21 January, 1948.[10]

On 10 March, 1950, Cunningham was appointed Deputy Lieutenant of the County of Bedford.[11]

See Also

Naval Appointments
Preceded by
Patrick E. Parker
Captain of H.M.S. Adventure
21 Jan, 1928[12]
Succeeded by
James V. V. Magrane
Preceded by
G. Frederick B. Edward-Collins
Deputy Director of Plans
12 Dec, 1929[13] – 15 Dec, 1930[14]
Succeeded by
Henry R. Moore
Preceded by
Roger M. Bellairs
Director of Plans
15 Dec, 1930[15] – 15 Dec, 1932[16]
Succeeded by
Henry R. Moore
Preceded by
Humphrey M. Robson
Captain of H.M.S. Eagle
9 Jan, 1933 – 15 Mar, 1933
Succeeded by
Lionel V. Wells
Preceded by
Charles E. Turle
Captain of H.M.S. Resolution
7 Sep, 1933[17] – 16 Mar, 1936[18]
Succeeded by
Lionel A. D. Sturdee
Preceded by
Geoffrey Arbuthnot
Fourth Sea Lord and Chief of Supplies and Transport
1 Mar, 1941[19] – 5 Jun, 1943[20]
Succeeded by
Frank H. Pegram
Preceded by
Sir Andrew B. Cunningham
as Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet
Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Station & Allied Naval Commander Mediterranean
15 Oct, 1943[21] – 10 Jun, 1946
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
Sir Andrew B. Cunningham
First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff
10 Jun, 1946[22] – 6 Sep, 1948[23]
Succeeded by
Lord Bruce A. Fraser

Footnotes

  1. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 136.
  2. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 136.
  3. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 136.
  4. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 136.
  5. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 173.
  6. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 173.
  7. Ramsay Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/45. f. 210.
  8. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 173.
  9. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 173.
  10. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 173.
  11. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 173.
  12. The Navy List. (January, 1928). p. 214.
  13. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 136.
  14. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 136.
  15. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 136.
  16. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 136.
  17. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 136.
  18. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 136.
  19. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 173.
  20. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 173.
  21. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 173.
  22. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 173.
  23. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/269., f. 173.