Hugh Justin Tweedie

From The Dreadnought Project
Jump to: navigation, search

Admiral SIR Hugh Justin Tweedie, K.C.B., Royal Navy (5 April, 1877 – 20 August, 1951) was an officer of the Royal Navy.

Early Life & Career

Tweedie was born in Kent.

In the examination for cadetships in the Royal Navy held on 25 November, 1890, Tweedie placed joint thirtieth out of fifty-seven successful candidates, with 1,254 marks.[1]

Tweedie gained six months' time on passing out of Britannia in December, 1892. He spent his first three years in the Mediterranean, first in Dreadnought for eight months, followed by Hawke for nine months and then Rodney for just over two years.[2]

Tweedie was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant on 28 March, 1899.[3]

Tweedie was promoted to the rank of Commander on 30 June, 1910.[4]

Tweedie was appointed captain of the armoured cruiser Essex in December 1913 to conduct her trials. Re-appointments would extend him command until the end of 1914.[5]

Great-War

Tweedie was promoted to the rank of Captain on 31 December, 1914.[6]

On 19 September, 1915, Tweedie commanded the monitor Marshal Ney for the commencement of bombardment operations against coastal batteries between Ostend and Nieuport. Her engines proved so unworkable that she was towed by a destroyer, and the German guns seemed uncomfortably long in reach at 29,000 yards. Better results were obtained on the 24th, when she and Sir John Moore followed Lord Clive as one of two squadrons of monitors. The powerful Tirpitz battery at Ostend was left alone during this second excursion.[7]

In April 1917, Tweedie was appointed in command of the light cruiser Champion.

He was appointed command of the light cruiser Castor on November, 1917.[8]

On 8 December, 1917, Tweedie was appointed Commodore (F) in the Grand Fleet.[9]

Post-War

He was appointed an Additional Member of the Third Class, or Companion, in the Military Division of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (C.B.) on 1 January, 1919.[10]

With the disbanding of the Grand Fleet in April Tweedie became Commodore (D) in the new Atlantic Fleet.[11]

He was appointed captain of Marlborough in July 1922, remaining with her for a little over a year.

Tweedie was promoted to the rank of Rear-Admiral on 2 March, 1926, vice Loder Symonds.[12]

Tweedie was appointed Commander-in-Chief, The Nore on 16 May, 1933 and later re-appointed upon his promotion to the rank of Admiral on 8 May, 1935, vice Chatfield. He was superseded at The Nore on 3 December, 1935.[13] He was placed on the Retired List at his own request on 1 January, 1936.[14]

World War II

Tweedie offered his services in 1938, and in 1939 was appointed to Somersetshire on the National Service Committee. Tweedie later worked with the Liverpool Convoy Pool and then the Cardiff Convoy Pool in the rank of Commodore, Second Class from mid-March until 28 April, 1940 when he reverted to the Retired List.[15]

See Also

  • "Admiral Sir Hugh Tweedie" (Obituaries). The Times. Wednesday, 22 August, 1951. Issue 52086, col E, pg. 8.
  • Tweedie, Admiral Sir Hugh J. (1939). The Story of a Naval Life. London: Rich and Cowan, Ltd..
  • Service Records

Naval Appointments
Preceded by
Rowland H. Bather
Captain of H.M.S. Bonetta
9 Aug, 1910[16] – 15 Aug, 1910[17]
Succeeded by
Barry E. Domvile
Preceded by
Cecil R. Hemans
Captain of H.M.S. Sylvia
15 Aug, 1910[18] – 17 Nov, 1910[19]
Succeeded by
Gervase W. H. Heaton
Preceded by
Arthur M. Lecky
Captain of H.M.S. Wolf
17 Nov, 1910[20] – 4 Jan, 1911[21]
Succeeded by
Hugh J. Tweedie
Preceded by
Richard A. A. Plowden
Captain of H.M.S. Thrasher
4 Jan, 1911[22] – 1 Mar, 1911[23]
Succeeded by
Thomas K. Maxwell
Preceded by
Hugh J. Tweedie
Captain of H.M.S. Wolf
1 Mar, 1911[24][25] – 18 Sep, 1911[26]
Succeeded by
Philip G. Wodehouse
Preceded by
Percy Withers
Captain of H.M.S. Cameleon
18 Sep, 1911[27][28] – 27 Nov, 1912[29]
Succeeded by
Charles D. Roper
Preceded by
Ronald Howard
Captain of H.M.S. Hope
22 Feb, 1913[30][31] – 8 Sep, 1913[32]
Succeeded by
Norton A. Sulivan
Preceded by
John F. E. Green
Captain of H.M.S. Essex
17 Nov, 1913[33] – 31 Dec, 1914[34]
Succeeded by
Hugh D. R. Watson
Preceded by
George B. W. Young
Captain of H.M.S. Active
29 Jan, 1915[35] – 10 Feb, 1915[36]
Succeeded by
James R. P. Hawksley
Preceded by
New Command
Captain of H.M.S. Calliope
10 Feb, 1915[37] – 14 May, 1915[38]
Succeeded by
Charles E. Le Mesurier
Preceded by
New Command
Captain of H.M.S. Marshal Ney
20 Jun, 1915[39][40] – 7 Feb, 1916[41]
Succeeded by
Hector L. Watts-Jones
Preceded by
New Command
Captain of H.M.S. Terror
1 Feb, 1916[42] – 9 Mar, 1916[43]
Succeeded by
Charles W. Bruton
Preceded by
William R. Napier
Captain of H.M.S. Sir Thomas Picton
9 Mar, 1916[44][45] – Apr, 1917[46]
Succeeded by
Walton C. G. Ruxton
Preceded by
James U. Farie
Captain of H.M.S. Champion
Apr, 1917[47] – Nov, 1917[48]
Succeeded by
Arthur B. S. Dutton
Preceded by
James U. Farie
Captain (D), Thirteenth Destroyer Flotilla
Apr, 1917[49] – Nov, 1917[50]
Succeeded by
Arthur B. S. Dutton
Preceded by
James R. P. Hawksley
Captain of H.M.S. Castor
Nov, 1917[51][52] – 1 May, 1920[53]
Succeeded by
William R. Napier
Preceded by
James R. P. Hawksley
Commodore (F), Grand Fleet
Nov, 1917[54] – 1 May, 1920[55]
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
?
Commodore (D), Atlantic Fleet
8 Dec, 1917[56]
Succeeded by
Michael H. Hodges
as Rear-Admiral (D) Commanding Destroyer Flotillas of the Atlantic Fleet
Preceded by
Henry R. Crooke
Captain of H.M.S. Marlborough
25 Jul, 1922[57] – 3 Aug, 1923[58]
Succeeded by
William D. Paton
Preceded by
Vernon H. S. Haggard
Director of Training and Staff Duties
25 Sep, 1923[59][60] – 1 Jan, 1926[61]
Succeeded by
Arthur L. Snagge
Preceded by
John E. Cameron
Senior Naval Officer, Yangtse
19 Aug, 1927[62] – 19 Aug, 1929[63]
Succeeded by
Colin K. MacLean
Preceded by
Rudolf M. Burmester
Commander-in-Chief, Africa Station
9 Jan, 1931[64] – Mar, 1933[65]
Succeeded by
Edward R. G. R. Evans
Preceded by
Sir Reginald Y. Tyrwhitt, Bart.
Commander-in-Chief at the Nore
16 May, 1933[66][67] – 3 Dec, 1935[68]
Succeeded by
Edward R. G. R. Evans

Footnotes

  1. "Cadetships in the Royal Navy" (News). The Times. Tuesday, 16 December, 1890. Issue 33196, col B, p. 10.
  2. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  3. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  4. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  5. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  6. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  7. Naval Operations. Volume III. pp. 151-3.
  8. The Navy List. (December, 1918). p. 754.
  9. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (November, 1918). p. 5.
  10. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31099. p. 106. 1 January, 1919.
  11. The Navy List. (August, 1919). p. 696.
  12. The London Gazette: no. 33139. p. 1650. 5 March, 1926.
  13. The London Gazette: no. 34159. p. 3048. 10 May, 1935.
  14. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 219.
  15. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 219.
  16. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  17. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  18. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  19. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  20. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  21. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  22. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  23. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  24. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  25. The Navy List. (April, 1911). p. 397a.
  26. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  27. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  28. The Navy List. (August, 1912). p. 290.
  29. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  30. The Navy List. (August, 1913). p. 327.
  31. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  32. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  33. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  34. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  35. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  36. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  37. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  38. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  39. The Navy List. (October, 1915). p. 396.
  40. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  41. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  42. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  43. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  44. The Navy List. (December, 1916). p. 398b.
  45. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  46. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  47. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  48. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  49. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  50. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  51. The Navy List. (February, 1919). p. 753.
  52. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  53. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  54. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  55. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  56. The Navy List. (April, 1920). p. 697.
  57. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  58. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  59. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 124.
  60. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  61. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  62. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  63. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  64. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  65. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  66. "The Services" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Monday, 15 May, 1933. Issue 46444, col A, p. 22.
  67. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.
  68. Tweedie Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 332.