Henry Loftus Tottenham

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Admiral Henry Loftus Tottenham, C.B., Royal Navy, Retired (7 August, 1860 – 24 February, 1950) was an officer of the Royal Navy.

Life & Career

For services rendered during the operations in Egypt, Tottenham was specially promoted to the rank of Lieutenant with seniority of 18 November, 1882.[1]

Tottenham was promoted to the rank of Commander on 30 June, 1895, aged thirty-four years, ten months, and twenty-three days.[2]

Captain

Tottenham was promoted to the rank of Captain on 1 January, 1901.[3]

In December 1903, he assumed command of the second class protected cruiser Furious.[4]

He was appointed in command of the battleship Repulse in January, 1905.[5] In March, however, he was made Captain of Lancaster.[6]

Tottenham served as captain of battleship Mars from March 1906 until July of the following year.[7]

He was appointed Captain of the Dockyard and King's Harbour Master at Portsmouth on 1 July, 1907.[8]

He served as captain of Implacable from March 1909 through May of the following year.[9]

Flag Rank

On 30 April, 1910, Tottenham was promoted to the rank of Rear-Admiral, vice Goodrich.[10]

He was appointed Rear-Admiral in the Devonport Division of the Home Fleet on 5 January, 1912, hoisting his flag in King Alfred. He struck his flag on 4 January, 1913.[11]

Tottenham was appointed an Ordinary Member of the Third Class, or Companion, in the Military Division of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (C.B.) on 1 January, 1914.[12] He was considered for the position of Admiral of the Training Service in January, but the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, told the First Sea Lord,[13] Second Sea Lord,[14] and Naval Secretary:[15]

Upon reflection, I feel many doubts about Admiral Tottenham's personal qualifications for the command of the training service. Sympathy, broad-mindedness, and knowledge of social conditions, and other special qualities, are required for this important post, on which the happiness and well-being of thousands of boys and youths and the general system of naval training for the lower deck so largely depend. Would not Admiral Hood be a more suitable man? Admiral Tottenham, though a competent sea officer, has always seemed to me to be soured in tempter, rough in manners, and with a very limited outlook. Admiral Limpus also might be better suited to the training service, in which case Admiral Tottenham could be considered available for Turkey.[16]

In July it was announced that Tottenham would succeed Rear-Admiral Sackville H. Carden as Admiral-Superintendent of Malta Dockyard.[17]

Great War

On 1 August, 1914, Tottenham hoisted his flag in Albion as Rear-Admiral in the Seventh Battle Squadron. On 5 September he was given command of Cruiser Force E with his flag in the Sutlej. He transferred to Juno on 17 February, 1915, and to Isis on 10 March. He struck his flag on 5 April.

He was appointed to Minotaur as Rear-Admiral Commanding, Seventh Cruiser Squadron in the Grand Fleet on 6 April. His Flag Captain in Minotaur, Captain Edward B. Kiddle, later remembered Tottenham as "a sour pessimist who disliked us all and his appointment. Luckily a few months saw him promoted and he left unregretted and Rear-Admiral Heath hoisted his flag."[18] On 16 June, Jellicoe had written to the First Sea Lord, Sir Henry B. Jackson, suggesting that, "Tottenham might also be moved [from his command] when promoted."[19] He was promoted to the rank of Vice-Admiral on 24 October, 1915, vice Bush,[20] and struck his flag on 25 October.

Tottenham was placed on the Retired List on 26 October, 1918,[21] in accordance with the provisions of the Order in Council of 9 March, 1914. He was advanced to the rank of Admiral on the Retired List on 1 January, 1919.[22]

Bibliography

  • "Admiral Henry L. Tottenham" (Obituaries). The Times. Wednesday, 1 March, 1950. Issue 51628, col E, p. 9.

Service Records

Naval Appointments
Preceded by
Arthur J. Loane
Captain of H.M.S. Thrush
14 Mar, 1893[23]
Succeeded by
Archibald P. Stoddart
Preceded by
New Command
Captain of H.M.S. Starfish
14 Jan, 1896[24] – 22 May, 1896[25]
Succeeded by
Sidney R. Olivier
Preceded by
Charles G. W. Aylen
Captain of H.M.S. Barham
3 Oct, 1899[26] – 11 Jan, 1901[27][28]
Succeeded by
Godfrey H. B. Mundy
Preceded by
Arthur C. H. Paget
Captain of H.M.S. Audacious
16 Jul, 1902[29]
Succeeded by
Cecil F. L. Watson
as Captain of H.M.S. Imperieuse
Preceded by
Henry C. Kingsford
Captain of H.M.S. Furious
3 Dec, 1903[30] – 2 Jan, 1905[31]
Succeeded by
George W. Smith
Preceded by
Spencer H. M. Login
Captain of H.M.S. Repulse
3 Jan, 1905[32] – 1 Mar, 1905[33]
Succeeded by
Herbert L. Heath
Preceded by
Sir George J. S. Warrender, Bart.
Captain of H.M.S. Lancaster
2 Mar, 1905[34] – 19 Mar, 1906
Succeeded by
Herbert L. Heath
Preceded by
David Beatty
Captain of H.M.S. Mars
20 Mar, 1906[35] – 30 Jun, 1907[36]
Succeeded by
Francis G. Eyre
Preceded by
William B. Fawckner
Captain of H.M.S. Implacable
31 Mar, 1909[37][38] – 21 May, 1910[39]
Succeeded by
Robert J. Prendergast
Preceded by
Robert S. P. Hornby
Rear-Admiral in Command, Eighth Battle Squadron
1 Aug, 1914[40]
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
Robert S. Phipps Hornby
Rear-Admiral Commanding, Cruiser Squadron E
5 Sep, 1914[41]
Succeeded by
George B. Hutton
as Senior Officer, Cruiser Force E
Preceded by
Arthur W. Waymouth
Rear-Admiral Commanding, Seventh Cruiser Squadron
7 Apr, 1915[42] – 25 Oct, 1915[43]
Succeeded by
Herbert L. Heath

Footnotes

  1. The London Gazette: no. 25169. p. 5173. 17 November, 1882.
  2. The London Gazette: no. 26647. p. 4233. 26 July, 1895.
  3. The London Gazette: no. 27263. p. 82. 4 January, 1901.
  4. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS.
  5. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS.
  6. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS.
  7. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS.
  8. The Navy List. (October, 1908). p. 393.
  9. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS.
  10. The London Gazette: no. 28362. p. 3063. 3 May, 1910.
  11. ADM 196/39. f. 1320.
  12. The Edinburgh Gazette: no. 12630. p. 7. 2 January, 1914.
  13. Admiral His Serene Highness Prince Louis of Battenberg.
  14. Vice-Admiral Sir John R. Jellicoe.
  15. Rear-Admiral Dudley R. S. de Chair, who was the eventual choice for Admiral of the Training Service.
  16. Memorandum of 19 January, [1914]. Churchill Papers. Churchill Archives Centre. CHAR 13/6A/60.
  17. "Second Sea Lord" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Thursday, 23 July, 1914. Issue 40586, col G, p. 10.
  18. Kiddle. Naval Memories. Kiddle Papers. National Museum of the Royal Navy, Portsmouth: 1988.337. f. 88.
  19. Jackson Papers. National Museum of the Royal Navy, Portsmouth: 255/4/1.
  20. The London Gazette: no. 29340. p. 10509. 26 October, 1915.
  21. The London Gazette: no. 30992. p. 13001. 5 November, 1918.
  22. The London Gazette: no. 31104. p. 199. 3 January, 1919.
  23. The Navy List. (April, 1894). p. 260.
  24. Tottenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20. f. 92/182.
  25. Tottenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20. f. 92/182.
  26. The Navy List. (January, 1901). p. 229.
  27. The Navy List. (January, 1901). p. 229.
  28. The Navy List. (May, 1902). p. 229.
  29. The Navy List. (May, 1903). p. 230.
  30. Tottenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20. f. 623.
  31. Tottenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20. f. 623.
  32. Tottenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20. f. 623.
  33. Tottenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20. f. 623.
  34. Tottenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20. f. 623.
  35. Tottenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20. f. 623.
  36. Tottenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20. f. 623.
  37. The Navy List. (January, 1910). p. 329.
  38. Tottenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20. f. 623.
  39. Tottenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20. f. 623.
  40. "New Sea Lord" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Friday, 7 August, 1914. Issue 40597, col D, p. 4.
  41. Tottenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 1320.
  42. Tottenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. p. 1320.
  43. Tottenham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. p. 1320.