Henry Harvey Bruce

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Admiral Sir Henry H. Bruce as a Rear-Admiral, 1917.
Portrait: Francis Dodd. © IWM (Art.IWM ART 4038).

Admiral SIR Henry Harvey Bruce, K.C.B., M.V.O., Royal Navy, Retired (8 May, 1862 – 14 September, 1948) was an officer of the Royal Navy.

Early Life & Career

Bruce was born in Plymouth, the son of Captain Sir J. C. Bruce, R.N.. He passed out of Britannia in mid 1877 and served in the Mediterranean, first in the armoured frigate Black Prince, then the screw frigate Raleigh and finally being appointed to Monarch in November 1879. He received a severe wound to his right eye and a slight wound to the left from a guncotton explosion in Monarch in June, 1881, necessitating his being invalided to Malta Hospital in the sloop Condor. In October, his left eye was doing well and he underwent surgery on his right eye.

In October 1882, his entrance to College was delayed for a week by a sprained ankle.

Bruce was awared the Egyptian Medal in 1883.

Bruce was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant on 31 December, 1884.[1]

Bruce served in Marathon as first and gunnery officer from 1 January 1894. When Captain Maconochie fell ill in April, 1896, Bruce was made Acting Commander in Command of the ship. Maconochie died at year end, and it is not clear whether Bruce ever relinquished command before being appointed to Andromache as first and gunnery officer in mid-June, 1897.

Bruce was promoted to the rank of Commander on 30 June, 1901,[2] and was given a two year appointment in command of the depot ship Tyne in August.

Captain

Bruce was promoted to the rank of Captain on 31 December, 1905.[3]

On 5 January, 1910, Bruce was appointed in command of the battleship Prince George.[4]

He was appointed to command the armoured cruiser Defence in January, 1911.[5]

Great War

Bruce took up the appointment as Superintendent of Rosyth Dockyard on 1 June, 1915.[6] He was promoted to the rank of Rear-Admiral on 27 April, 1917.[7] On the occasion of the King's birthday he was appointed an Ordinary Member of the Third Class, or Companion, in the Civil Division of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (C.B.) on 4 June.[8]

Post-War

On 1 January, 1920 he was appointed an Ordinary Member of the Second Class, or Knight Commander, in the Military Division of the Order of the Bath (K.C.B.).[9]

Bruce was promoted to the rank of Vice-Admiral on 1 May, 1922, vice Sheppard, and was placed on the Retired List on 2 May.[10]

He was advanced to the rank of Admiral on the Retired List on 8 November, 1926.[11]

His funeral service took place at St. Michael's, Chester Square, London. Among those present were Sir Henry F. Oliver, Sir Alan G. Hotham and Sir Howard Kelly.[12]

See Also

Bibliography

  • "Admiral Sir Henry Bruce" (Obituaries). The Times. Thursday, 16 September, 1948. Issue 51178, col E, p. 7.

Papers

  • Diaries in the possession of the Admiralty Library. Royal Naval Museum.

Service Records

Naval Appointments
Preceded by
Robert B. Maconochie
Captain of H.M.S. Marathon
22 Apr, 1896[13] – 1897[14]
Succeeded by
John G. M. Field
Preceded by
Arthur G. M. Meredyth
Captain of H.M.S. Jason
19 Jul, 1898[15] – 5 Aug, 1901[16]
Succeeded by
Oscar V. de Satgé
Preceded by
Henry F. Aplin
Captain of H.M.S. Tyne
5 Aug, 1901[17] – 15 Oct, 1903[18]
Succeeded by
Arthur T. Taylor
Preceded by
Cuthbert G. Chapman
Captain of H.M.S. Medea
15 Oct, 1903[19] – 9 Dec, 1904[20]
Succeeded by
Percival H. H. Thompson
Preceded by
Henry Leah
Naval Officer in Charge, Bermuda Royal Dockyard
1 Mar, 1905[21] – 20 Mar, 1906[22]
Succeeded by
Noel Grant
Preceded by
Edmund R. Pears
Captain of H.M.S. Blenheim
8 Jun, 1906[23][24] – 8 Jun, 1908[25]
Succeeded by
The Hon. Hubert G. Brand
Preceded by
Ralph Hudleston
Captain of H.M.S. Arrogant
8 Apr, 1909[26][27] – 5 Jan, 1910[28]
Succeeded by
E. Percy F. G. Grant
Preceded by
Herbert J. Savill
Captain of H.M.S. Prince George
5 Jan, 1910[29] – 12 Jan, 1911[30]
Succeeded by
Drury St. A. Wake
Preceded by
Cecil F. Dampier
Captain of H.M.S. Defence
12 Jan, 1911[31][32] – 6 Jan, 1913[33]
Succeeded by
Fawcet Wray
Preceded by
Mark E. F. Kerr
Captain of H.M.S. Hercules
21 Jun, 1913[34] – 23 Apr, 1915[35]
Succeeded by
Lewis Clinton-Baker
Preceded by
New Appointment
Admiral Superintendent of Rosyth Dockyard
May, 1915[36] – 1 Apr, 1920[37]
Succeeded by
Sir John F. E. Green

Footnotes

  1. The London Gazette: no. 25429. p. 27. 2 January, 1885.
  2. The London Gazette: no. 27335. p. 4780. 19 July, 1901.
  3. The London Gazette: no. 27870. p. 25. 2 January, 1906.
  4. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 85.
  5. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS.
  6. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (November, 1918). p. 3.
  7. The London Gazette: no. 30042. p. 4095. 1 May, 1917.
  8. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 30111. p. 5454. 4 June, 1917.
  9. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31712. p. 3. 1 January, 1920.
  10. The London Gazette: no. 32695. p. 3625. 9 May, 1922.
  11. The London Gazette: no. 33222. p. 7477. 19 November, 1926.
  12. "Funeral" (Deaths). The Times. Monday, 20 September, 1948. Issue 51181, col B, p. 7.
  13. The Navy List. (March, 1901). p. 271.
  14. This is uncertain, and presumes he remained in command until his next appointment, which was either in January or June, 1897.
  15. The Navy List. (March, 1901). p. 271.
  16. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/88. f. 107.
  17. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/88. f. 107.
  18. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/88. f. 107.
  19. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/88. f. 107.
  20. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/88. f. 107.
  21. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 85.
  22. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 85.
  23. The Navy List. (January, 1908). p. 285.
  24. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 85.
  25. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 85.
  26. The Navy List. (January, 1910). p. 279.
  27. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 85.
  28. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 85.
  29. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 85.
  30. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 85.
  31. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 85.
  32. The Navy List. (April, 1911). p. 299.
  33. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 85.
  34. The Navy List. (December, 1914). p. 329.
  35. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 85.
  36. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (July, 1919). p. 3.
  37. Bruce Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 85.