Henry Craven St. John

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Admiral Henry C. St. John.
Photograph: Navy & Army Illustrated.

Admiral Henry Craven St. John, Royal Navy (5 January, 1837 – 21 May, 1909) was an officer of the Royal Navy.

Life & Career

St. John was promoted to the rank of Commander on 12 April, 1866, "in consideration of the skill and judgment displayed by him in effecting the destruction of a large piratical force of Chinese junks, without loss in the attack and capture."[1]

St. John was promoted to the rank of Captain on 18 September, 1873.[2]

He was appointed a Naval Aide-de-Camp to Queen Victoria dated 7 July, 1887.[3]

Flag Rank

St. John was promoted to the rank of Rear-Admiral on 13 August, 1889, vice Tryon.[4]

In 1890 he publicly advocated the construction of a dry dock at Gibraltar, writing that it "would be of incalculable value to the Navy."[5]

He was appointed Senior Officer on the Coast of Ireland on 1 January, 1892.[6] As such, he was given command of the Coast of Ireland Squadron as part of the Blue Side representing a nation challenging Britain's control of the seas in the Annual Manoeuvres of 1893.[7]

St. John was promoted to the rank of Vice-Admiral dated 19 January, 1896.[8] He was promoted to the rank of Admiral on 15 June, 1901, vice Fremantle.[9] In accordance with the Order in Council of 22 February, 1870, he was placed on the Retired List dated 16 June, at his own request.[10]


  • "Obituary" (Obituaries). The Times. Tuesday, 25 May, 1909. Issue 38968, col D, p. 11.
  • St. John, Captain H. C., R.N. (1880). Notes and Sketches from the Wild Coasts of Nipon, with Chapters on Cruising after Pirates in Chinese Waters. Edinburgh: David Douglas.

Service Records

Court Appointments
Preceded by
Frederick C. B. Robinson
Naval Aide-de-Camp to the Queen
1887 – 1889
Succeeded by
Richard Duckworth-King

Naval Appointments
Preceded by
Richard E. Tracey
Captain of H.M.S. Iron Duke
28 Aug, 1885[11]
Succeeded by
Robert H. Boyle
Preceded by
James E. Erskine
Senior Officer on the Coast of Ireland
1 Jan, 1892[12]
Succeeded by
Claude E. Buckle


  1. The London Gazette: no. 23101. p. 2394. 13 April, 1866.
  2. The London Gazette: no. 24018. p. 4255. 19 September, 1873.
  3. The London Gazette: no. 25722. p. 3927. 19 July, 1887.
  4. The London Gazette: no. 25965. p. 4460. 16 August, 1889.
  5. "A Dry Dock at Gibraltar" (Letters to the Editor). The Times. Saturday, 8 February, 1890. Issue 32930, col B, p. 4.
  6. The Navy List. (April, 1894). p. 191.
  7. "The Naval Manoeuvres of 1893." The Times (London, England), Tuesday, Jul 11, 1893; pg. 11; Issue 34000.
  8. The London Gazette: no. 26706. p. 646. 4 February, 1896.
  9. The London Gazette: no. 27325. p. 4183. 21 June, 1901.
  10. The London Gazette: no. 27340. p. 5126. 2 August, 1901.
  11. The Navy List. (September, 1885). p. 219.
  12. The Navy List. (September, 1892). p. 261.