H.M.S. New Zealand (1911)

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H.M.S. New Zealand (1911)
Pendant Number: 08 (1914)
90 (Jan 1918)
53 (Apr 1918)[1]
Builder: Fairfield, Govan[2]
Ordered: 1908 Programme[3]
Laid down: 20 Jun, 1910[4]
Launched: 1 Jul, 1911[5]
Commissioned: 19 Nov, 1912[6]
Sold: 19 Dec, 1922[7]
Fate: Scrapped


Service

She commissioned at Govan on 19 November, 1912 and completed to full crew at Devonport on 23 November.[8]

In 1913, she underwent a tour of her namesake homeland. On 16 August 1913, New Zealand called at Mazatlan and left on the 18th.[9] Her next call was Acapulco, where she arrived on the 21st and left the following day.[10] On the 23rd she stopped at Salina Cruz before leaving on the 25th.[11] She arrived at Panama City on the 29th.[12] On 8 September, she called at Callao,[13] and on the 17th, she arrived at Valparaiso.[14]

The New Zealand then travelled around the bottom of South America, and, having spent four days in Montevideo,[15] left there on the 7th.[16] On the 27th she arrived at Port-of-Spain, Trinidad.[17] She arrived at Dominica on 3 November, the same day that the Suffolk, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher G. F. M. Cradock, and the Berwick arrived.[18] She arrived at Bermuda on the 13th, and left on the 18th.[19] She arrived at Halifax on the 21st.[20] She left Halifax for Portsmouth on 30 November, having to make the voyage on oil fuel owing to the non-arrival of a collier.[21]

There was apparently some difficulty in keeping her equipped with fresh guns. In October 1915, an entirely new set were desired and only five were immediately available. At the Battle of Jutland, the right gun in "Q" turret had a 30 foot crack in it, but was fired nonetheless.[22]

Great War

On 21 August, 1914, New Zealand was ordered to join Invincible on the Humber.[23]

Battle of Heligoland Bight

Main article: H.M.S. New Zealand at the Battle of Heligoland Bight

Battle of Jutland

Main article: H.M.S. New Zealand at the Battle of Jutland

Her gunnery officer at the Battle was Lieutenant-Commander Arthur Douglas Wales Smith, who had been appointed to her on 23 July, 1915 and would be superseded on 19 January, 1918.[24]

Post-Jutland

New Zealand went into Rosyth dockyard for refit during November, 1916.[25] While there, all her 12-inch guns were replaced.[26]

Post-War

Recommissioned at Rosyth with a Reserve complement on 8 June, 1920.[27]

Alterations

Habitability

In October 1914, the ship was to be given 12 Pattern 1582 Electric Radiators to warm cabins whose stoves could not be used for heating them.[28]

Turrets

In October 1914, additions of screened-in positions within her "A" turret required her existing alternative plan for loading to be abolished, and required further alterations to support a new fall-back means of loading.[29]

Torpedoes

In December 1912, the Admiralty imposed a limit of gyro angle settings of 20 degrees in ten ships. This restriction was lifted just before the war.[30]

Torpedo Control

In 1919, she was selected to receive a Renouf Torpedo Tactical Instrument Type B.[31]

Telescopes

In September 1914, Indefatigable and New Zealand were each to be sent eight 3/9 power telescopes and to return the same number of 2.5 power scopes, Pattern G. 329 upon receipt. These were likely to serve as trainer telescopes. Constrained supplies meant that 26% of the scopes actually supplied her may have wound up being 5/12 or 5/21 scopes.[32]

Radio

Sometime before 1913, she may have also had a Type 3 Battleship Auxiliary set, but it was to be replaced by a Type 10 Cruiser Auxiliary set.[33]

Captains

Dates of appointment are provided when known.

Green's service record indicates a longer tenure than suggested by the service records of two other officers.

Captain Reginald St. Pierre Parry may have been in command in July/September 1921 time frame. His service records are not very clear and not harmonious on the point.

Gunnery Record

ROUNDS FIRED BY NEW ZEALAND. TURRET GUNS
OCCASION "A" "P" "Q" "X" TOTAL
R. L. R. L. R. L. R. L.
Woolwich (proof) 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 24
Woolwich (full) 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 16
Peace (full) 13 14 16 13 12 13 13 11 103
Peace (¾) 24 24 22 21 22 22 23 25 183
War practise (full) 15 15 14 13 8 12 16 16 109
War practise (¾) 8 9 7 9 9 8 9 8 67
Heligoland (full) 17 17 5 14 9 10 8 3 83
Dogger Bank (full) 15 17 15 18 14 14 24 24 141
Dogger Bank (¾) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Jutland (full) 53 47 65 64 51 54 52 44 430
Jutland (¾) 1 1 2
Equivalent full 129¼ 126½ 131 138 110 118¾ 129¼ 114½ 997¼
№ of rounds 151 149 146 161 131 139 151 137 1,165
Rounds in action 86 82 87 98 75 79 85 72 664

Alterations

In 1913, New Zealand was slated as part of the seventeen ship order to receive a director. It was fitted sometime between May and December, 1915.[48]

See Also

Footnotes

  1. Dittmar; Colledge. British Warships 1914–1919. p. 35.
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. p. 26.
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. p. 26.
  4. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. p. 26.
  5. Dittmar; Colledge. British Warships 1914–1919. p. 35.
  6. The Navy List. (April, 1914). p. 350.
  7. Dittmar; Colledge. British Warships 1914–1919. p. 35.
  8. The Navy List. (April, 1914). p. 350.
  9. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Wednesday, 20 August, 1913. Issue 40295, col E, p. 10.
  10. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Saturday, 23 August, 1913. Issue 40298, col F, p. 8.
  11. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Tuesday, 26 August, 1913. Issue 40300, col C, p. 2.
  12. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Monday, 1 September, 1913. Issue 40305, col C, p. 3.
  13. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Wednesday, 10 September, 1913. Issue 40313, col F, p. 3.
  14. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Friday, 19 September, 1913. Issue 40321, col E, p. 2.
  15. "The News Zealand at Montevideo" (News in Brief). The Times. Friday, 3 October, 1913. Issue 40333, col D, p. 5.
  16. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Wednesday, 8 October, 1913. Issue 40337, col C, p. 10.
  17. "News in Brief" (News in Brief). The Times. Tuesday, 28 October, 1913. Issue 40354, col C, p. 7.
  18. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Wednesday, 5 November, 1913. Issue 40361, col C, p. 13.
  19. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Friday, 21 November, 1913. Issue 40375, col F, p. 4.
  20. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Monday, 24 November, 1913. Issue 40377, col B, p. 5.
  21. "News in Brief" (News in Brief). The Times. Tuesday, 2 December, 1913. Issue 40384, col F, p. 7.
  22. At The National Archives. ADM 137/1645. pp. 41, 95.
  23. "Grand Fleet Operations - Narrative of Events." Jellicoe Papers. British Library. Add MS. 48995. f. 50.
  24. Smith Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/51. f. 103.
  25. Roberts. Battlecruisers. p. 123.
  26. See Telegram G.31090/16. 5 October, 1916. The National Archives. ADM 116/1645. f. 95.
  27. The Navy List. (January, 1921). p. 816.
  28. Admiralty Weekly Order No. 512 of 16 Oct, 1914.
  29. Admiralty Weekly Order No. 525 of 20 Oct, 1914.
  30. Admiralty Weekly Order No. 207 of 31 July 1914.
  31. Annual Report of the Torpedo School, 1919. pp. 118, 119.
  32. Admiralty Weekly Order No. 408 of 25 Sep, 1914.
  33. Annual Report of the Torpedo School, 1913. W/T Appendix, p. 13.
  34. Halsey Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 243.
  35. Halsey Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 243.
  36. The Navy List. (December, 1916). p. 396f.
  37. Green Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 260.
  38. Green Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 260.
  39. Webb Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 124.
  40. The Navy List. (November, 1917). p. 395x.
  41. Webb Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 124.
  42. The Navy List. (December, 1918). p. 852.
  43. Donaldson Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 230.
  44. The Navy List. (August, 1919). p. 852.
  45. Ship's Logbook. The National Archives. ADM 53/62665.
  46. The Navy List. (December, 1920). p. 816.
  47. Eliot Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/46/15. f. 15.
  48. The Technical History and Index: Fire Control in HM Ships, pp. 9-11.

Bibliography


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