H.M.S. Birmingham (1913)

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H.M.S. Birmingham (1913)
Pendant Number: 45 (1914)
16 (Jan 1918)
28 (Apr 1918)[1]
Builder: Armstrong[2]
Ordered: 1912 Programme[3]
Laid down: 10 Jun, 1912[4]
Launched: 7 May, 1913[5]
Commissioned: Feb, 1914[6]
Sold: 5 Feb, 1931[7]


Service

Birmingham commissioned at Portsmouth on 3 February, 1914 under the command of Captain Arthur A. M. Duff, who'd been helping oversee her completion since mid-1913.[8] At the outset of the war, she found herself a part of the First Light Cruiser Squadron.

On 9 August, 1914, Birmingham rammed and sank U 15 off Fair Island. This was the first U-boat loss to enemy action in the Great War..[9]

She fought at the Battle of Heligoland Bight on the 28 August as one of six light cruisers of the 1 L.C.S. present.

On 24 January, 1915, Birmingham was one of four light cruisers from the First Light Cruiser Squadron at the Battle of Dogger Bank. The following month, she moved over to join the Second Light Cruiser Squadron.

At the Battle of Jutland, she was part of the Second Light Cruiser Squadron, screening the battlecruisers under Captain Arthur A. M. Duff.[10]

She recommissioned at Portsmouth on 19 June, 1919 to bear, by early 1921, Commander-in-Chief of the Africa Station.[11]

Birmingham re-commissioned at Chatham on 15 November, 1923.[12]

Alterations

In October 1914, the ship was to be given 4 Pattern 1582 Electric Radiators to warm cabins whose stoves could not be used for heating them.[13]

Birmingham was fitted with a director in February, 1917. This alteration required her pole mast to be replaced with a tripod mast for greater rigidity.[14]

Distinguishing Signs

In March 1914, the ship was to carry a single red band on first and third funnel.[15]

Captains

Dates of appointment are provided when known.

See Also

Footnotes

  1. Dittmar; Colledge. British Warships 1914–1919. p. 46.
  2. Dittmar; Colledge. British Warships 1914–1919. p. 46.
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. p. 54.
  4. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. p. 54.
  5. Dittmar; Colledge. British Warships 1914–1919. p. 46.
  6. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. p. 54.
  7. Dittmar; Colledge. British Warships 1914–1919. p. 46.
  8. The Navy List. (December, 1914). p. 282.
  9. Uboat.net page on WW1 losses.
  10. Battle of Jutland Official Despatches. pp. 33, 46.
  11. The Navy List. (January, 1921). pp. 733-4.
  12. The Navy List. (April, 1925). p. 218.
  13. Admiralty Weekly Order No. 512 of 16 Oct, 1914.
  14. The Technical History and Index, Vol. 3, Part 23. pp. 11-12.
  15. Admiralty Weekly Order No. 924 of 6 Mar, 1914.
  16. The Navy List. (December, 1916). p. 392l.
  17. Duff Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 390.
  18. Lecky Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44/444. f. 513. In our PDF for Benjamin Wingate Barrow.
  19. Lecky Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44/444. f. 513. In our PDF for Benjamin Wingate Barrow.
  20. The Navy List. (December, 1918). p. 741.
  21. The Navy List. (June, 1919). p. 741.
  22. The Navy List. (June, 1919). p. 741.
  23. The Navy List. (September, 1919). p. 741.
  24. The Navy List. (September, 1919). p. 741.
  25. The Navy List. (December, 1920). p. 733.
  26. England Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 327.
  27. England Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 327.
  28. The Navy List. (January, 1923). p. 728.
  29. Boyle Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/48/135. f. 138.
  30. Boyle Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/48/135. f. 138.
  31. Buxton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 253.
  32. Buxton Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 253.
  33. Knowles Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/52. f. 257.
  34. Brownrigg Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 231.
  35. Brownrigg Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 231.
  36. Bevan Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/270. f. 136.
  37. Bevan Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/270. f. 136.
  38. Evans Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49. f. ?.
  39. Evans Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49. f. ?.
  40. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS.
  41. Holbrook Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 219.
  42. Mackinnon Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/45/228. f. 232.
  43. Mackinnon Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/45/228. f. 232.

Bibliography

  • Dittmar, F.J.; Colledge, J.J. (1972). British Warships 1914–1919. London: Ian Allan.
  • Gray, Randal (editor) (1985). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. (on Amazon.com and Amazon.co.uk).
  • Admiralty, Technical History Section (1919). The Technical History and Index: Fire Control in H.M. Ships. Vol. 3, Part 23. C.B. 1515 (23) now O.U. 6171/14. At The National Archives. ADM 275/19.
  • Admiralty, Gunnery Branch (1918). Handbook of Captain F. C. Dreyer's Fire Control Tables, 1918. C.B. 1456. Copy No. 10 at Admiralty Library, Portsmouth, United Kingdom.


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