H.M.S. A 1 (1902)

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H.M.S. A 1 (1902)
Builder: Vickers[1]
Launched: 9 Jul, 1902[2]
Commissioned: Jul, 1903[3]
Rammed: 18 Mar, 1904[4]
Fate: by Berwick Castle
H.M.S. A 1 was one of thirteen "A" class coastal submarines completed for the Royal Navy.

Service

During exercises with the Home Fleet off the Nab on the afternoon of 18 March, 1904, A 1 was run down by the Union-Castle mail steamer Berwick Castle while submerged. The submarine was supposed to carry out a mock attack on the second class protected cruiser Juno as Hazard and Firequeen observed. About fifteen minutes prior to the collision, Berwick Castle sighted A 1, apparently surfaced, four points off her port bow. A 1 submerged shortly thereafter, and an slight turn by the Berwick Castle brought her onto a collision course with the submarine. Admiral Fisher declared that any lookouts aboard the steamer could not have seen the submarine's periscope in time to avoid the collision. Aware that naval manoeuvres were in progress, Berwick Castle's crew mistook the impact of the collision with A 1 for a hit by a practice torpedo and she initially enlisted the assistance of Firequeen.[5][6] The lost sub was located by divers after bubbles had indicated its position in seven fathoms. She bore damage indicating she'd been struck on the starboard side aft.[7]

Although subsequently raised on 18 April 1904, A 1 was repaired but never recommissioned. Instead she was converted to a target vessel, and was sunk in that capacity in August 1911.[8]

Captains

Dates of appointment are provided when known.

See Also

Footnotes

  1. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. p. 86.
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. p. 86.
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. p. 86.
  4. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. p. 86.
  5. Telegram. C.-in-C. Portsmouth to Admiralty. 19 March, 1904. Reproduced in Lambert. p. 82-83.
  6. Sueter. p. 150-156.
  7. Hepper. British Warship Losses in the Ironclad Era: 1860-1919. p. 17.
  8. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. p. 86.
  9. Mansergh Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/141/107
  10. The Navy List. (April, 1910). p. 344.
  11. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  12. Raikes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/50/94. pf. 220, 221.
  13. Laurence Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/48/175. f. 579.
  14. Laurence Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/48/175. f. 579.

Bibliography

  • Lambert, Nicholas (2001). The Submarine Service, 1900-1918. Aldershot: Ashgate for Navy Records Society.
  • Sueter, Commodore Murray F. (1907). The Evolution of The Submarine Boat Mine and Torpedo from the Sixteenth Century to the Present Time. Portsmouth: Gieve's.


"A" Class Submarine
A 1 A 2 A 3 A 4 A 5
  A 6 A 7 A 8 A 9  
  A 10 A 11 A 12 A 13  
  Submarines (UK) "B" Class –>