First Cruiser Squadron (Royal Navy)

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Contents

History

On 2 November, 1904 Rear-Admiral Edmund S. Poë assumed command of the Cruiser Squadron,[1] which in December, 1904 became the First Cruiser Squadron.[2] He was succeeded by Rear-Admiral George Neville on 15 July, 1905.[3] Rear-Admiral Sir Percy M. Scott succeeded Neville in command of the First Cruiser Squadron on 15 July, 1907.[4] Sir Rear-Admiral Charles H. Adair succeeded Scott as Rear-Admiral Commanding in September, 1908.[5] He was succeeded by Rear-Admiral the Honourable Stanley C. J. Colville on 24 February, 1909,[6] and was relieved by Rear-Admiral Lewis Bayly on 24 February, 1911. He was succeeded in command on 1 March, 1913.[7] Rear-Admiral Ernest C. T. Troubridge took command of the squadron in the Mediterranean on 6 January, 1913, and was relieved in September, 1914.[8]

On 29 November, 1914, Rear-Admiral Sir A. Gordon H. W. Moore hoisted his flag in Leviathan.[9] Rear-Admiral Sir Robert K. Arbuthnot, Bart. assumed command of the squadron on 17 January, 1915.[10] The squadron was all but destroyed at the Battle of Jutland, when Defence was sunk with all hands at the start of the battle fleet action, Black Prince was sunk with all hands during the night, and Warrior sank on the way home after her surviving crew had been taken off. Sir Robert Arbuthnot was killed in action. The First Cruiser Squadron was officially abolished dated 5 June.[11]

In 1917 H.M. Ships Courageous, Glorious and Furious were detached from the Third Light Cruiser Squadron and named the First Cruiser Squadron. It came under the direct command of Vice-Admiral Trevylyan D. W. Napier in his capacity as Vice-Admiral, Light Cruiser Force.[12]

In Command

Dates of appointment given when known:

Composition

November, 1905:

June, 1906:

October, 1908:[18]

June, 1909

[19]

December, 1912

[20]

December, 1913

[21]

Serving in the Mediterranean Fleet, the squadron has lost its powerful core of battlecruisers to the newly fashioned First and Second Battle Cruiser Squadron, and once again more closely resembles the other Cruiser Squadrons. Defence remains and assumes the role of flagship, and the Second Cruiser Squadron has graciously provided three more armoured cruisers.

August, 1914

[22][23]

December, 1914

Although it may not yet have been physically assembled, the following ships are assigned to the new instance of the formation.[24]

This roster would last just the one month.

January, 1915

Attached to the Grand Fleet. Defence has returned from escorting duties from South Africa[25] to resume the flagship duty, while Leviathan has been sent to the North America and West Indies Station.[26]

This roster would last until October, 1915.[27][28][29][30][31][32][33]

October, 1915

Black Prince assumes the flagship role from Defence, just for the month.[34]

November, 1915

Defence assumes her normal role as the flagship.[35]

This roster would last until May, 1916.[36][37][38][39][40][41]

November, 1915

Warrior takes over as flagship, briefly.[42]

This temporary flagship assignment would expire before the Battle of Jutland, which would effectively destroy the Squadron.

June, 1916

The Squadron is abolished after losing most of its ships at Jutland.[43]

It would not re-form until September, 1917.[44]

September, 1917

The Squadron re-appears, this time attached to the Battle Cruiser Force.[45]

This roster would last until March, 1918.[46][47][48][49][50]

March, 1918

Furious is detached to join the Flying Squadron.[51]

This roster would last until February, 1919.[52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59]

February, 1919

The Squadron is still listed in the Navy List, but the two ships are "temporarily" in Rosyth, noted in March and thereafter as "in reserve". By July, they've acquired the notation of being under the management of a "care and maintenance party"[60][61][62][63][64][65]

Battles

Battle of Jutland

Operating under Rear-Admiral Arbuthnot, the Squadron lost three of its four cruisers in the battle.

The Squadron was abolished after this ruinous outing, but it would later re-form.

Second Battle of Heligoland Bight

[66]

Footnotes

  1. Poë Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/39. f. 1052.
  2. "The Distribution and Mobilization of the Fleet" (News). The Times. Monday, 12 December, 1904. Issue 37575, col D, p. 4.
  3. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Monday, 10 July, 1905. Issue 37755, col A, p. 7.
  4. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Monday, 15 July, 1907. Issue 38385, col A, p. 7.
  5. "Admiral C. H. Adair" (Obituaries). The Times. Thursday, 11 March, 1920. Issue 42356, col E, p. 16.
  6. Colville Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 292.
  7. Bayly Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/38. f. 84.
  8. Troubridge Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 78.
  9. Moore Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 64.
  10. Arbuthnot Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 202.
  11. Branch Acquaint M. 04960. 5 June, 1916. The National Archives. ADM 116/1645. f. 31.
  12. Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief Grand Fleet and Vice-Admiral Commanding Battle Cruiser Force. 4 September, 1917. M. 09828. The National Archives. ADM 137/2134. f. 128.
  13. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (September 1914). p. 4.
  14. Arbuthnot Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 202.
  15. The Navy List. (January, 1919). p. 5.
  16. Approximately.
  17. The National Archives. ADM 196/45. f. 44.
  18. The Navy List (October, 1908). pp. 268, 269.
  19. "The Naval Mobilization" (News). The Times. Thursday, 17 June, 1909. Issue 38988, col A, p. 9.
  20. The Caird Library at the National Maritime Museum. [BRG 1/1]
  21. Albert Francis Barclay Bridges papers at The Caird Library at the National Maritime Museum. [BRG 1/1]
  22. Dittmar; Colledge. British Warships 1914–1919. p. 16.
  23. Naval Operations. Volume I. p. 440.
  24. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (December, 1914). p. 9.
  25. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Defence_(1907)#Career Wikipedia
  26. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (January, 1915). pp. 9, 19.
  27. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (March, 1915). p. 11.
  28. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (April, 1915). p. 10.
  29. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (May, 1915). p. 10.
  30. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (June, 1915). p. 10.
  31. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (July, 1915). p. 10.
  32. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (August, 1915). p. 11.
  33. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (September, 1915). p. 11.
  34. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (October, 1915). p. 10.
  35. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (November, 1915). p. 10.
  36. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (November, 1915). p. 10.
  37. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (December, 1915). p. 10.
  38. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (January, 1916). p. 10.
  39. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (March, 1916). p. 10.
  40. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (March, 1916). p. 10.
  41. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (April, 1916). p. 10.
  42. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (May, 1916). p. 10.
  43. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (June, 1916). p. 10.
  44. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (July, 1916). p. 10.
  45. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (September, 1917). p. 11.
  46. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (October, 1917). p. 11.
  47. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (November, 1917). p. 11.
  48. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (December, 1917). p. 11.
  49. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (January, 1918). p. 11.
  50. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (February, 1918). p. 11.
  51. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (March, 1918). pp. 10,11.
  52. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (April, 1918). p. 11.
  53. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (May, 1918). p. 11.
  54. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (June, 1918). p. 11.
  55. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (July, 1918). p. 11.
  56. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (August, 1918). p. 11.
  57. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (November, 1918). p. 11.
  58. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (December, 1918). p. 11.
  59. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (January, 1919). p. 11.
  60. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (February, 1919). pp. 11, 20.
  61. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (March, 1919). p. 20.
  62. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (April, 1919). p. 20.
  63. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (May, 1919). p. 18.
  64. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (June, 1919). p. 18.
  65. Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (July, 1919). p. 18.
  66. Naval Operations. Vol. V. pp. 168-169.

Bibliography

  • Dittmar, F.J.; Colledge, J.J. (1972). British Warships 1914–1919. London: Ian Allan.
  • Newbolt, Henry (1931). Naval Operations. Vol. V. London: Longmans, Green and Co..


Cruiser Squadrons of the Royal Navy
First Cruiser Squadron | Second Cruiser Squadron | Third Cruiser Squadron | Fourth Cruiser Squadron | Fifth Cruiser Squadron | Sixth Cruiser Squadron | Seventh Cruiser Squadron | Eighth Cruiser Squadron | Ninth Cruiser Squadron | Tenth Cruiser Squadron | Eleventh Cruiser Squadron | Twelfth Cruiser Squadron | Cruiser Force F
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