Edgar Class Cruiser (1890)
The nine protected cruisers of the Edgar Class were completed between 1893 and 1896. They were occasionally referred to as the Crescent Class.
|Overview of 9 vessels|
|Citations for this data available on individual ship pages|
|Crescent||Portsmouth Royal Dockyard||13 Oct, 1890||30 Mar, 1892||22 Feb, 1894||Sold 22 Sep, 1921|
|Edgar||Devonport Royal Dockyard||3 Jun, 1889||24 Nov, 1890||2 Mar, 1893||Sold 9 May, 1921|
|Endymion||Earle's Shipbuilding, Hull||21 Nov, 1889||22 Jul, 1891||26 May, 1894||Sold 16 Mar, 1920|
|Gibraltar||Robert Napier & Sons, Glasgow||2 Dec, 1889||27 Apr, 1892||1 Nov, 1894||Sold Sep, 1923|
|Grafton||Thames Ironworks, Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, Blackwall||1 Jan, 1890||30 Jan, 1892||18 Oct, 1894||Sold 1 Jul, 1920|
|Hawke||Chatham Royal Dockyard||17 Jun, 1889||11 Mar, 1891||16 May, 1893||Torpedoed 15 Oct, 1914|
|Royal Arthur||Portsmouth Royal Dockyard||20 Jan, 1890||26 Feb, 1891||2 Mar, 1893||Sold 22 Sep, 1921|
|St. George||Earle's Shipbuilding, Hull||23 Apr, 1890||23 Jun, 1892||25 Oct, 1894||Sold 1 Jul, 1920|
|Theseus||Thames Ironworks, Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, Blackwall||16 Jul, 1890||8 Sep, 1892||14 Jan, 1896||Sold 1921|
- two 9.2-in Mark VI guns
- ten Q.F. 6-in guns
- twelve Q.F. 6-pdr guns
In late 1903, there was a lively consideration of altering the armament of the cruisers of the Blake and Edgar classes, sparked by unfavourable comparisons to French cruisers. All ships were to have the four 6-in guns on the main deck removed and have the six on the upper deck replaced by Mark VII weapons in 6-inch casemate armour with 0.5-inch tops. Royal Arthur and Crescent were to further replace their 9.2-in guns with Mark X weapons, mounted as in Cressy, and to replace the two 6-in Q.F. guns on the forecastle with 6-in Mark VII guns. However, on Christmas Eve, it was decided that no action was to be taken.
- two 14-in Mark V D2 overhead tubes, unprotected, trainable from 10 degrees abaft to 70 degrees ahead of the beam.
Wikipedia claims these ships had four tubes. This may be because they also had 18-in tubes, as outlined in a 1909 primary source:[Inference]
- two 18-in submerged tubes on broadside forward, depressed three degrees and bearing abeam; axis of tube was 6 foot 6 inches below load water line and 1 feet 6 inches above deck.
These ships had no fire control tables.
By the end of 1901 or soon after,
- Edgar and Hawke in reserve were fitted to receive a W/T set
- Gibraltar at the Cape was fitted to receive a W/T set
- Theseus had a Jackson set in the Mediterranean
- Endymion had a Jackson set with the China Squadron
- St. George had a Marconi in the Cruiser Squadron
In October 1914, the eight remaining ships were each to be given seven Pattern 1582 Electric Radiators to warm cabins whose stoves could not be used for heating them.
- See Tenth Cruiser Squadron for details.
- Principal Questions Dealt with by the Director of Naval Ordnance, 1904. p. 209.
- Principal Questions Dealt with by the Director of Naval Ordnance, 1904. pp. 206-211.
- Principal Questions Dealt with by the Director of Naval Ordnance, 1904. pp. 249-253.
- Annual Report of the Torpedo School, 1891. p. 39.
- Torpedo Manual, Vol. III, 1909. p. 265.
- Handbook of Captain F. C. Dreyer's Fire Control Tables, 1918. p. 3.
- Annual Report of the Torpedo School, 1901. pp. 111-112.
- Admiralty Weekly Order No. 512 of 16 Oct, 1914.
- Admiralty, Gunnery Branch (1914). Handbook for Fire Control Instruments, 1914. G. 01627/14. C.B. 1030. Copy 1235 at The National Archives. ADM 186/191.
- Brooks, John (2005). Dreadnought Gunnery and the Battle of Jutland: The Question of Fire Control. Oxon: Routledge. ISBN 0714657026. (on Amazon.com and Amazon.co.uk).
- Admiralty, Gunnery Branch (1917). The Director Firing Handbook. O.U. 6125 (late C.B. 1259). Copy No. 322 at The National Archives. ADM 186/227.
- Admiralty, Gunnery Branch (1918). Handbook of Captain F. C. Dreyer's Fire Control Tables, 1918. C.B. 1456. Copy No. 10 at Admiralty Library, Portsmouth, United Kingdom.
|Edgar Class First Class Protected Cruiser|
|Hawke||Royal Arthur||St. George||Theseus|
|<–||Blake Class||Major Cruisers (UK)||Powerful Class||–>|