The Kaiserliche und Königliche Kriegsmarine (often abbreviated to k.u.k. Kriegsmarine) was the navy of Austria-Hungary from the formation of the Dual Monarchy in 1867 until its end in 1918. Austria-Hungary (also known as the Austro-Hungarian Empire) bordered its historical enemy, Italy, to the West and had a significant stretch of coastline to defend on the Eastern shores of the Adriatic Sea.
Distribution of the Fleet
Main article The K.u.K. Kriegsmarine was largely stationed in the Adriatic.
- English: Imperial and Royal Navy.
- Greger, René (1976). Austro-Hungarian Warships of World War I. Shepperton: Ian Allan Ltd. ISBN 0-7110-0623-0.